Horticulture training institute



HORTICULTURE TRAINING INSTITUTE,
UCHANI (KARNAL) HARYANA-132001
Annual Report
DEPARTMENT OF HORTICULTURE
GOVERNMENT OF HARYANA
Telephone: +911842265484; Fax: +911842266484,







CONTENTS
Description
Training Programmes Training Programmes conducted during 2014-15 Nursery Management and plant/seed propagation Computers, Establishment and account matters Post Harvest Management in hort. Crops Pollination/ Bee keeping Organic Farming in hort. crops. Mushroom production technology Cultivation technique of medicinal and aromatic plants. Protect cultivation in hort. crops Flower cultivation under open and control condition HDP, Rejuvenation and canopy management of fruit crop. Vegetable seed production technology Refresh course of technical officers Processing, preservation and value addition Sericulture technology Pesticides and its residue effects Training of FPO/FIG‟s Fruit production technology Pressurized irrigation technology in fruit and vegetable crops. Seminar/Workshop Horticulture Education Programme Annexure I – Previous year trainings Annexure II – Composition of executive council of HTI
CHAPTER - 1
About HTI
Horticulture Training Institute (HTI) was established in 1998 under the aegis of Department of Horticulture, Government of Haryana in AHRD project of World Bank with an amount of Rs. 11.76 crores. It is situated on National Highway No. 1, 122 km from Chandigarh and 130 km from New Delhi in village Uchani district Karnal. It was initiated to cater the needs for capacity building in the field of horticulture. The mandate of HTI is to assist the government of Haryana to improve the skills of extension personnels and farming fraternity. The institute takes up various activities such as training programmes, demonstration, study tours, exposure visits, consultancy, production of quality planting material and horticulture education. Training is an integral part of the Institute‟s mandate. As part of the training activity, HTI conducts a series of training programmes, workshops, seminars and study visits, on key theme areas for officials and farmers involved in the field of horticulture. HTI also organizes specialized training programmes in response to request from the state Government departments and other organizations. Administrative Block:- Horticulture Training Institute, Uchani (Karnal) has a administrative
block with a covered are of 17860Sft. The administration block includes 19 rooms having total covered area 4800 Sft. These rooms are meant for the Principal office, trainers, teaching staff and office staff. In addition there are 12 rooms with a covered area of 6636 sft. There are four lecture rooms with audio-visual aids
Hostel:- HTI has a well furnished hostel meant for comfortable stay of the trainees (mostly
farmers). It has twenty four rooms with attached bathroom and fully furnished two VIP rooms. The hostel has a big dinner hall, kitchen and a VIP lounge. Garden & Nursery :- The institute have a demonstrative garden & nursery. The SDC & GCC
students practical are conducted in this area. Auditorium:- The institute has a state the art air conditioned mini-auditorium with sitting
capacity of 100 persons. Conference, seminars, meetings are generally conducted in this auditorium. It has LCD projector. The total covered is of the 2061 sft.
Food processing Lab:- The institute has a fully fledged food processing lab. Practical training to
the students of supervisor diploma course is imparted in this lab. It has all these facility required processing lab. Short duration practical course for women farmers are conducted in this lab. Plant Protection Lab:- the training institute has a plant protection lab for the benefit of the
students & farmers. Live sample of different insect & pest and disease have been display in the
1.1 Mission
HTI takes its mission to be one of facilitating the acquisition of managerial and technical skills of Extension Officers, Malis, farmers (Male & female) and ministerial staff in all sectors of horticulture with a view to enable them to provide the most effective support and services to farming community. As an apex institute in the state, HTI functions as pacesetter in capacity building in the field of horticulture. The sharing of its wealth of experience with other institutions, thus enabling them to adapt and adopt these innovations is one of its core concerns. 1.2 Vision
Our vision is „Horticulture growth through awareness‟. HTI wants to be counted among the most pioneering, innovative, user friendly horticulture institute in India. 1.3 Mandate
1. To improve the skills of extension personnel and farming fraternity through awareness. 2. Capacity building of young entrepreneurs to provide service in public as well as private 3. To organize need based training for other departments, institutions & farmers. 1.4 Core Values
1. Farmer centric approach in all professional services. 2. Interactive and experiential learning methodology. 3. User friendly environment.
CHAPTER – 2
TRAINING PROGRAMMES 2014-15
As an apex institute for skill development in the field of horticulture in Haryana state, HTI is expected to take up capacity building programmes for professionals to meet emerging needs in the field of horticulture. HTI has been organizing training programmes in past (see Annexure – I) on emerging fields. The attempt is not merely to provide conceptual understanding on a given theme but also to provide necessary skills in operational aspects. Training programmes are designed taking into consideration training needs of the field functionaries. The training calendar after consideration of Principal HTI is approved by the Director General Horticulture Haryana. In addition to programmes in the training calendar, HTI also organizes programmes sponsored by various organizations which are specifically designed to suit customer requirements. Programmes for the year 2014-15 were planned with the focus to develop skills in Hi-tech horticulture. There has been a growing need of protected cultivation of vegetables. The sub theme included were pollination support through bee keeping, post harvest technologies and micro irrigation. In addition to these, programmes were planned on training for ministerial staff in terms of computers, accounts and establishment matters. In view of the emerging private sector in horticulture field themes such as entrepreneurship development were included in calendar. Programmes were also organized for capacity building in themes relating to horticulture at supervisors and gardener level. Methodology
The methodology of the training programmes is based on experiential learning which focuses on an interactive learning which focuses on an interactive learning process. In addition to lectures, success stories and field visits on a given theme are utilized with a view to making the discussions practical oriented. The focus is on operational and practical aspects of the themes so that the participants can attempt to apply the same in their work situations. Field visits are organized to give first hand exposure to the best practices. Audio-visual aids are also used to demonstrate successful initiatives. Theme areas
The training programmes during 2014-15 covered the following main areas:  Hi-tech horticulture  Nursery management and plant propagation  Computers, establishment and account matters  Post harvest technologies  Pollination support through bee keeping  Organic farming  Mushroom Production Technique.  Cultivation technology of medicinal plants.  Flower Cultivation under open and controlled conditions  Rejuvenation of smile/unproductive orchards  Vegetable seed production technology  Refresh course of technical officers  Processing, Preservation and Value Addition in horticultural crops  Sericulture techniques  Pesticide and its residue effect.  Training of board of director, A/c keeping & minutes writing of FPO‟s In all, seventy one training programmes were organized during 2014-15, as planned in the training calendar. In addition to the planned programmes, seven seminars/workshop were taken up as per direction from Head quarter. These include training programmes for the participants under national horticulture mission, AHRD and other schemes. Thus in total 71 programmes were organized during 2014-15 covering 2645 participants. The theme-wise break-up of the training programmes for the period April 2014-March 2015 is 2.3 Training programmes conducted during 2014-15
Particulars
Planned as per
academic
calendar
programmes
organized
Nursery Management and plant/ seed propagation Computers, establishment and account matters Post harvest technologies Pollination support through bee keeping Organic farming in horticultural crops Mushroom production technology. Cultivation technology of medicinal plants Protected cultivation in horticultural crops Flower cultivation under open & controlled Rejuvenation of smile/unproductive orchards Vegetable seed production technology Refresh course of technical officers Processing, preservation and value addition Sericulture technology Pesticides & its Residual effects Training of board of director, A/c keeping & 4 minutes writing of FPO‟s Fruit production technology Pressurized irrigation technology in fruit and 3 vegetable crops.
2.3.1 Nursery Management and Plant/Seed propagation
Nursery stock production is a vibrant sector of the horticultural industry responsible for the growing of a wide variety of hardy and half-hardy plants. The method of production of more than one plant from the mother plant or the tissue over a specific time period is termed as plant propagation. The production of true to type progeny from the mother plant is the prime objective of propagation. Plant propagation depends on the plant species, variety, method of propagation, climatic and growth conditions. Plant propagation is primarily done by conventional methods, which include sexual and asexual methods. However, in the recent past plant propagation through biotechnological applications have made great contributions towards mass scale production of plants. This topic was designed for the departmental mali‟s to strengthen their skills in the advances in the propagation techniques. This topic develops an understanding of plant propagation (seed and cuttings), nursery hygiene, plant health, potting mixes and soils, production efficiencies, marketing, management and more. This covering both management and horticultural studies relating to running a wholesale nursery. It is comprehensive and demanding. A total 71 mali‟s participated in this programme. No. of participants
01.04.2014 to 04.04.2014 17.11.2014 to 21.11.2014 2.3.2 Computers, Establishment and Account Matters
How did computers come into being? What can they do? Are we able to use them in the Accounting field? Do they simplify all the Accounting work? What‟s the outlook for computers in the future? Literature everywhere is telling us that the computer simplifies everything. For accounting staff to become fully equipped to go out into the world of work, it is becoming necessary for them to understand how the ideas for the computer evolved over the years. It is becoming imperative that they understand how much simpler it is today to do Accounting on a computer. They must learn how to do their work of account matters as well as establishment matters on the computer. This course was designed for the ministerial staff of the Department of Horticulture, Haryana. No. of participants
21.04.2014 to 25.04.2014
2.3.3 Post harvest management in horticultural crops
In India, there is a vast scope for growing fruit and vegetable throughout the year in one or other part of the country because the climatic conditions are highly suitable for growing various types of fruits and vegetables. Fruit and vegetable are available in surplus only in certain seasons and availability in different regions. In peak season due to improper handling practices, marketing, storage problems around 20-25% fruit and vegetable are spoilt in various stages. Fruit and vegetable are living commodities as they respire. Hence, proper post harvest management handling and processing is required in horticulture crops. A variety of fresh fruit and vegetable in India can be made available in plenty due to favorable agro-climatic situations. Hence there is no dearth for raw material for processing. Product profile being developed in India at present is limited to few fruit and Vegetable e.g. Mango, Pineapple, Grapes etc. But there is a wider potentiality for processing of papaya, sapota, banana, jack, guava, aonla and other minor fruits. Similarly there is a greater scope for processing cauliflower, carrot, bitter-gourd, onion, garlic, watermelon, muskmelon etc. Proper handling, packaging, transportation and storage reduce the post harvest losses of fruit and vegetables. For every one percent reduction in loss will save 5 million tons of fruit and vegetable per year. Processing and preservation technology helps to save excess fruit and vegetable during the glut season (off season). The technology has become a necessity to improve the food safety and strengthen nation‟s food security. The technology helps to boost export of agricultural commodities in the form of preserved and value added products. Presently, mango, pineapple, citrus, grapes, tomatoes, peas, potato and cucumber are being processed on a large No. of participants
18.08.2014 to 22.08.2014 08.09.2014 to 12.09.2014 22.09.2014 to 26.09.2014 10.11.2014 to 14.11.2014 2.3.4 Pollination/Bee keeping
Honey bees contribute a lot to the crop production in cross pollinated crops. Many of the country‟s crops would not exist without the honey bee at bloom time. As honey bees gather pollen and nectar for their survival, they pollinate crops such as apples, cranberries, melons and broccoli. Some crops, including blueberries and cherries, are 90-percent dependent on honey bee pollination; one crop, almonds, depends entirely on the honey bee for pollination at bloom time. For many others, crop yield and quality would be greatly reduced without honey bee pollination. To aware the farmers regarding pollination support through bee keeping six specialized trainings S. No. Date
No. of participants
14.04.2014 to 17.04.2014 02.06.2014 to 06.06.2014 16.06.2014 to 20.06.2014 08.12.2014 to 12.12.2014 29.12.2014 to 02.01.2015 07.01.2015 to 09.01.2015
2.3.5 Organic Farming in Horticultural Crops
Organic fruit production essentially excludes the use of many inputs associated with modern farming, most notably synthetic pesticides and fertilizers. To the maximum extent possible, organic farming systems rely upon crop rotations, crop residues, animal manures, legumes, green manures, off-farm organic wastes, mechanical cultivation, mineral- bearing rock powders and biological pest control. These components maintain soil productivity and tilth, supply plant nutrients and help to control insects, weeds and other pests. For skill development in organic farming in horticulture crops three training were organized for farmers. No. of participants
26.05.2014 to 30.05.2014 14.07.2014 to 18.07.2014 09.03.2015 to 13.03.2015 2.3.6 Mushroom Production Technology
The state of Haryana ranks third in producing mushroom in the country. Sonepat district ranks 1st in mushroom while Panipat & Gurgaon ranks 2nd and 3rd in mushroom production respectively. Mushroom is a nutritious food containing good percentage of protein, iron vitamins and salts. Being raw of fats and carbohydrates this is an ideal food for heart and diabetic patients. Although there are many varieties of mushroom available in the country but only white button mushroom. Milky mushroom and dhingri mushroom are cultivated in Haryana. For cultivation of mushroom not much land is required and even the landless farmers can take up the cultivation of this crop. Farmers of the state has shown keen interest in the cultivation of mushroom. Specialized training in cultivation of mushroom everyyear to the farmers before the season. Button mushroom is cultivated reasonably when climatic conditions are favorable and production expenses are minimum. Seasonal growing of white button mushroom in Haryana has many advantages like nearest to market, easy and cheap availability of raw material coupled with utilizations of family labour. White button mushroom required 20-280c for vegetarian growth & 12-180C for reproductive growth. Besides it requires relative humidity of 80-900c and enough ventilation during growing seasons. Growers can take 3-4 crops of white button in a year depending on the type and variety cultivated. Factors affecting the yield or the crop. Both in terms of quality and quantity and incidence of posts/pathogens and non-availability of good quality of spawn. No. of participants
12.01.2015 to 16.01.2015 26.01.2015 to 28.01.2015 28.01.2015 to 30.01.2015
2.3.7 Cultivation techniques of medicinal plants
The agroclimatic conditions of India provide are ideal condition for natural growth of a variety of medicinal plants and herbs important in pharmaceutical industry. The aromatic plants provide raw material for the production of flavors, herbal cosmetics perfumery etc. Important aromatic plants are lemon grass, citronella, lavender, basil, jasmine etc. India having a waste area of land and with the cultivation of medicinal and aromatic plants. The exports of these plants and their products have a tremendous potential particularly in advance countries. Efforts to commercial ling cultivate several medicinal and aromatic plants have been made and improved varieties have been released, with the setting up of National Mission for Medicinal and Aromatic plants, its cultivation is bound to boost up absence of proper market, availability of planting material are some of the hindrances in cultivation of these plants. Production technology of Aleovera, Ashwagandha, Mulathi, Safed Musli, Sada Bahar etc. have been worked out. No. of participants
01.09.2014 to 05.09.2014 19.01.2015 to 23.01.2015 2.3.8 Protected Cultivation in Horticultural Crops
The crop productivity is influenced by the genetic characteristics of the cultivar, growing environment and management practices. Under open field cultivation, while the other factors could be taken care of, it is not possible to effect control on the environment around the plant. The plant‟s environment can be specified by five basic factors, namely – light, temperature, humidity, carbon dioxide and nutrients. The main purpose of protected cultivation is to create a favorable environment for the sustained growth of plant so as to realize its maximum potential even in adverse climatic conditions. Greenhouses, Naturally ventilated polyhouses, walk in tunnels, rain shelters, plastic tunnels, mulches, insect-proof net houses, shade nets etc. are used as protective structures and means depending on the requirements and cost-effectiveness. Besides modifying the plant‟s environment, these protective structures provide protection against wind, rain and Protective cultivation offers several advantages to produce vegetables and flowers of high quality and yields, thus using the land and other resources more efficiently. The farmers are being trained theoretically and practically on these aspects by providing training on this area. S. No. Date
No. of participants
07.04.2014 to 09.04.2014 21.10.2014 to 03.11.2014 03.11.2014 to 07.11.2014 05.01.2015 to 07.01.2015 05.01.2015 to 07.01.2015 09.02.2015 to 13.02.2015 23.02.2015 to 25.02.2015 02.03.2015 to 05.03.2015 2.3.9 Flower cultivation under open & controlled condition
Floriculture is increasable reported as a viable diversification from the traditional field crops because of similar returns per unit area and the increasing habit of saying it with flowers during all the occasions. Though art of growing flowers is not new to India, but large scale commercial cultivation, protected cultivation is relatively new, enormous genetic diversity, varied aero climatic conditions, availability of human resources offer a unique scope of diversification. The domestic industry is growing at annual rate of 7-8% for annum, floriculture crops, include bedding plants, home plants, flowering garden and pot plants, production technology of important flowers like Roses, Marigold, Gladiolus, Tuberose, Chrysanthemum, Lilium, Gerbera etc. have been worked out both under open and protected conditions. Three trainings were organized on this topic for awareness. No. of participants
04.08.2014 to 08.08.2014 28.08.2014 to 29.08.2014 23.03.2015 to 27.03.2015
2.3.10 HDP, Rejuvenation and Canopy Management of Fruit Crops
High-density planting is emerging as a useful intervention for enhancing the productivity of horticultural crops per unit area. It is being practiced successfully in apple in Jammu and Kashmir, banana in Maharashtra and to some extent mango in Uttar Pradesh. Technology has been developed for cashew and other crops also. It is proposed to promote the technology as a package duly integrated with fertigation and other hi-tech interventions. The decline of productivity has been attributed to various factors. The most of the problems are due to faulty management i.e. unsuitable site and climate, cultivation of intercrops, inadequate nutrition‟s, improper planting, undesirable planting materials, incidence of insect, pest and disease and other biotic and a biotic stresses. The growers do not adopt the proper management practices in terms of plant protection, manuring, irrigation, mulching, pruning etc. and the orchards become sick. In general, canopy of fruit crops has irregular shape. Trees of irregular shape and size are difficult to deal with and even culminate into poor yield in the subsequent years as the lower branches of canopy gradually turns inert and infertile as well. Rejuvenation Strategies:
 Providing technical know-how including plant health coverage and nutritional management programme.  Re-plantation of old & uneconomical orchards.  Gap filling by providing disease free quality seedlings.  The development agencies may prepare comprehensive orchards management programme providing all the necessary inputs like plant nutrient, plant protection chemical, horticultural equipment and periodical training‟s.  Training is an important component, which improves over all efficiency of the knowledge and skill of field functionaries.  Complete technological information on management of decline orchard may be packaged and same may be disseminated in farmer‟s field. Canopy Management
 Older plantations of seedling origin which have become senile can be adopted for top worked by grafting (budding) with scion of superior varieties to upgrade seedling plantation with superior commercial varieties  There is a tendency of overlapping of canopy between 10 and 12 years of age depending on the nature of variety unless the canopy is maintained by trimming and thinning plantations which have overlapping branches.  This is possible by hedging of branches followed by shoot management to modify the tree structure and maintain canopy size. To provide a comprehensive knowledge on High Density Planting, Rejuvenation and Canopy management a series of trainings were organized for the farmers of Haryana state. S.No. Date
No. of participants
24.11.2014 to 28.11.2014 02.02.2015 to 06.02.2015 2.3.11 Vegetable Seed Production Technology
Availability of quality seed is of almost important for increasing the vegetable production and productivity. Vegetable growers recognize quality seed of improved variety as the most important input the higher & better vegetables yield. Production technology of seeds vary from location to location and crop to crop. Timely operations not only ensure which harvest but also guarantee varieties purity and freedom from undesirable weeds, diseases and pests. Farmers and officers are imparted training on these aspects of vegetable seed production emphasis is laid on there factors, which contribute to and effect seed quality e.g Seed Source method of sowing, rouging, harvesting and post harvest operations. S.No. Date
No. of participants
02.01.2015 to 04.01.2015 2.3.12 Refresh course of technical officers
Technical officers of the directorate of horticulture which include Assistant Project Officer, Horticulture Development Officers & Horticulture Supervisor were important training on the latest technologies which have been development recently to keep up their refresher with the latest development to update their knowledge. They were given training on high density plantation, micro irrigation, protected cultivation, latest technologies of propagation, cultivation of important commercial flowers, integrated pest management use of bio pesticides and bio-fertilizers exposure visits has also conducted on this occasion. S. No. Date
No. of participants
17.04.2014 to 18.04.2014 28.04.2014 to 02.05.2014 07.07.2014 to 11.07.2014 16.02.2015 to 20.02.2015 2.3.13 Processing, Preservation and Value Addition
Through the establishment of cold storage and other amenities at the growers and retailers level, there is a greater scope for fruit and vegetable processing industry. Presently mango, pineapple, citrus, grapes, tomatoes, peas, potatoes, cucumber are being processed on a major scale. There are about 4000 small and large scale processing units in the country which process only about 2.5% of the total fruit and vegetable as against 40-85% in developed countries (e.g.: Malaysia-83%, Phillippines-78%, Brazil and USA-70%). Fruits and vegetables are highly perishable but most important commodity for human diet due to their high nutritional value. They are the cheapest and other source of protective food supplied in fresh or processed or preserved form throughout the year for human consumption. Fruit and vegetable are available in surplus only in certain seasons and availability in different regions. Proper handling, packaging, transportation and storage reduce the post harvest losses of fruit and vegetables. For every one percent reduction in loss will save 5 million tons of fruit and vegetable per year. Processing and preservation technology helps to save excess fruit and vegetable during the glut season (off season). Hence, to aware the farming community in remote areas this course was designed for female farmers. S.No. Date
No. of participants
23.05.2014 to 25.05.2014 29.05.2014 to 31.05.2014 12.06.2014 to 14.06.2014 12.06.2014 to 14.06.2014 24.06.2014 to 26.06.2014 30.06.2014 to 01.07.2014 01.08.2014 to 03.08.2014 11.08.2014 to 15.08.2014 15.08.2014 to 18.08.2014 29.09.2014 to 01.10.2014 20.10.2014 to 22.10.2014 01.12.2014 to 05.12.2014 22.12.2014 to 24.12.2014 25.02.2015 to 27.02.2015 09.03.2015 to 11.03.2015
2.3.14 Sericulture Technology :-
An our country favorable conditions for mulberry cultivation foxvails and its mailly cultivated in Karnataka, Andhra Pardesh, Tamilnadu, West Bangole and Jammu & Kashmir. These states occupied 97% of total mulberry cultivation and contributed 95 % raw silk production in India. Possibility of the cultivation are also being explored in Haryana and training imparted to the farmers and provide technical know how on cultivation on mulberry and rearing of silk warm. No. of participants
05.05.2014 to 09.05.2014 2.3.15 Pesticides and its Residual Effect
Pesticides prevent, destroy, attract, rapid of control pests including unwanted species of plants or animals during production, storage, transport, distribution and processing of foods, agricultural commodities or animal feeds which may be administered to animals to control ectoparasites. Pesticides are invaluable inputs for increasing agricultural production, because pests and diseases destroy up to one third crops during growth, harvest and storage. However, the rapidly increasing usage of pesticides often with in sufficient advice or research has brought many environmental problems. Various environmental effects of pesticides includes natural enemies are destroyed; human pesticides poison age, honey bee and pollination & wild life effects. Development of resistance due to continuous use of pesticides residue in food, water, air, soil, grains; vegetables and animal feed cause a great concern. Edible portion of plants are contaminated with pesticides through foliar application, transportation of pesticides from soil or water and seed treatment. Good agricultural practices encourage safe & need based use of pesticides recommended for field conditions. Pesticides residues enter into human body through the treated foods to keep the under control, it is necessary to study the time limits between pesticides application & consumption of the produce. Three trainings were organized on this topic for awareness. No. of participants
19.05.2014 to 23.05.2014 15.09.2014 to 19.09.2014 16.10.2014 to 20.10.2014 27.10.2014 to 31.10.2014
2.3.16 Training of board of Director, a/c keeping & minutes writing of FPO's
S. No. Date
No. of participants
23.06.2014 to 27.06.2014 27.06.2014 to 30.06.2014 15.12.2014 to 19.12.2014 28.01.2015 to 30.01.2015 2.3.17 Fruit Production Technology
India has a wide variety of climate and soils on which large no. of horticultural crops are grown. After the green revolution in the sixties, it became clear that the horticulture for which the Indian topography and agro climate are well suited, is, an ideal method of achieving sustainability of small holding diversification in horticulture is a best option as there are several advantages of growing horticultural crops. Those crops highly remunerative, have potential for development of waste lands, need less water than food crops, provide higher employment opportunities, are important for nutritional securities, are environment friendly, are high value crops with high potential of value addition, have high potential for foreign exchange earnings and make higher contribution to GDP.A large variety of fruit, are grown in India of these, mango, citrus, guava, sapota, ber, litchi, aonla, peach, plum, pear and grapes are important. AProduction technology of these fruits has been developed. Emphasis is given on high density plantation, micro-irritation. Under National Horticulture Mission growers are encouraged to take up cultivation of fruits crops depending on the soil, irrigation and climatic conditions. Package of practices with regard to suitable cultivates, propagation method, fertilizer, irrigation and control of insect, pest and diseases of all the fruits have been developed to cultivate fruits on scientific lines. No. of participants
12.05.2014 to 16.05.2014 15.12.2014 to 19.12.2014 05.02.2015 to 09.02.2015 2.3.18 Pressurized irrigation technology in fruit and vegetable crops
Micro irrigation is a low pressure, low volume irrigation system suitable for high-return value crops such as fruit and vegetable crops. If managed properly, micro irrigation can increase yields and decrease water, fertilizer and labor requirements. Micro irrigation applies the water only to the plant's root zone and saves water because of the high application efficiency and high water distribution uniformity. Micro irrigation can irrigate sloping or irregularly-shaped land areas that cannot be flood irrigated. Any water-soluble fertilizer may be injected through a micro irrigation system. Micro-irrigation including micro spray, surface drip and subsurface drip irrigation methods can deliver water precisely and efficiently. Micro irrigation is commonly used for irrigation of high value horticultural crops, orchards and vineyards. Subsurface drip irrigation (SDI) is gaining popularity in production of agronomic "row" crops, especially in areas of limited well capacities and where small or irregularly shaped fields give SDI a competitive advantage over other irrigation technologies and methods. For skill development these trainings were organized to increase understanding of irrigation efficiency, losses, and distribution uniformity associated with micro irrigation and to increase understanding and application of best management practices to improve efficiency and uniformity of micro-irrigation. No. of participants
09.06.2014 to 13.06.2014 21.07.2014 to 25.07.2014 06.10.2014 to 10.10.2014 2.4 Seminars/ Workshops conducted during 2014-15
In all two seminars/ workshops/ state level training programmes were organized during the year 2014-15. The participants were farmers, departmental officers, companies etc covering a total of 239 participants. Total
participants

Pesticide& its residual effect Pesticide& its residual effect Exposure visits/ study tours conducted during 2014-15
The exposure visits of farmers were conducted to demonstrate the farmers the technologies developed/ used by the farmers of different zones. Six exposure visits/ study tours outside the state were conducted by HTI during 2014-15. The participants were farmers, students and departmental officers. A total of 121 persons visited the different sites for different purpose. State visited
Students & Farmers
14.05.2014 to 19.05.2014 04.06.2014 to 09.06.2014 17.06.2014 to 22.06.2014 14.07.2014 to 19.07.2014 11.08.2014 to 16.08.2014 20.08.2014 to 30.08.2014 2.5.1 Exposure visit of farmers for Citrus, Medicinal and Aromatic Plants
One batch of 20 progressive farmers from Sirsa District Hill Agriculture Research and Extension Centre, and KVK, Dhula Kuan, Centre for Aromatic Plants Selaqui, Haridwar, Company Bag, Saharpur (U.P) and progressive farmers field during 11.08.2014 t0 16.08.2014 under MIDH scheme with a budget of Rs.143000/- (Rupees one lac forty three thousand only).
2.5.2 Exposure visit of women farmers for processing unit & mushroom
Three batch of 60 progressive women farmers from different districts visited Directorate of Mushroom Research Solan and Processing Units in Himachal Pradesh particularly Shimla and Palampur area during 14.05.2011 to 19.05.2014, 04.06.2014 to 09.06.2014 and 17.06.2014 to 22.06.2014 under AHRD Plan scheme with a total budget of Rs. 2, 16,000/- (Rupees two lac sixteen thousand only). 2.5.3 Exposure visit of farmers for Horticulture crops, Mushroom
One batch of 20 progressive farmers from Palwal districts visited Shri Ram Salvant Jaspur G.B Pant Agri. & Tech. University Pant Nagar, Indo Italian project of mushroom Jyolicot, Nanital (U.K) and farmers fields in area Nanital, Udam Singh Nagar under during 14.07.2014 to 19.07.2014 under MIDH scheme with a budget of Rs. 146000/- (Rupees one lakh forty six thousand only).
CHAPTER – 3
Horticulture Education Programmes
HTI launched three long term courses focusing capacity development in the field of horticulture to cater the emerging needs of trained manpower in Government and private sector. Name of course
Duration
capacity
Supervisor course
Gardener Certificate
Entrepreneur Course
Organic Farming
Horticulture Supervisor Course: This is one year diploma course. Two semesters
of six months each. The essential qualification for this is 10 + 2 or equivalent. The total intake capacity is 25 students. This course was started in the year 2008-09 with the help of National Horticulture Mission (NHM) a centrally sponsored scheme with the aim of capacity development in the field of horticulture. Gardener Certificate Course: This is six months certificate course of one semester. The
essential qualification for this course is middle. The total intake capacity is 25 students. This course was started in the year 2008-09 with the help of National Horticulture Mission (NHM) a centrally sponsored scheme with the aim of capacity development in the field of horticulture. Entrepreneur Course: This is three months certificate course. The essential quail -
fication for this is 10 + 2 or equivalent. The total intake capacity is 20 students. This course was started in the year 2008-09 with the help of National Horticulture Mission (NHM) a centrally sponsored scheme with the aim of capacity development in the field of horticulture.
CHAPTER – 4
HERBAL PARK
India has 15 Agroclimatic zones and 17000-18000 species of flowering plants of which 6000- 7000 are estimated to have medicinal usage in folk and documented systems of medicine, like Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Homoeopathy. About 960 species of medicinal plants are estimated to be in trade of which 178 species have annual consumption levels in excess of 100 metric tones.Medicinal plants are not only a major resource base for the traditional medicine & herbal industry but also provide livelihood and health security to a large segment of Indian population. At HTI campus one Herbal Park was developed in which more that 33 different types of medicinal plants are demonstrated along with their botanical names, common names and uses in Hindi. Botanical Name
Family Name
Trade Name
Part(s) Used
somnifera (L.) Curcuma longa L. (Rhizome, Tuber) Calotropis gigantea (L.) R.Br. E Salvia aegyptiaca Mentha piperita L. LAMIACEAE Barleria prionitis Lawsonia inermis gratissimum L. Ocimum basilicum Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf Abelmoschus moschatus Medik. [Hibiscus abelmoschus L] Acacia concinna (Wild.) DC. Sterculia urens Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.) Acorus calamus L. ARACEAE Asparagus racemosus Willd. Asparagus adscendens Roxb. Vitex negundo L. Root, Fruit (Seed) Centella asiatica (L.) Urb. Mimosa pudica L. Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Wall. ex Nees Bacopa monnieri (L.) Wettst. Brahmi, Nirbrahmi Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Wall. ex Nees Elettaria cardamomum Spilanthes acmella ASTERACEAE Sarahattika, Vana-mugali Mesua ferrea L. Catharanthus roseus (L.) Rauvolfia serpentina (L.) Coleus barbatus Aloe barbadensis Aloe vera Putranjiva roxburghii Wall Plumbago indica 2. Withornia Sommifern :- 3. Curcuma longa :- 4. Calotropis Sigantea :- 5. Salvia Algyptica:- 6. Cestrium Diuaranum:- 7. Mentha Piperata:- 8. Adenocyma Nitidum:- 9. Latura Metel:- 12. Barieria Prionitis:- 13. Lawsonia Inermis:- 14. Ocimum Nocturnum:- 15. Ocimum Basilicum:- 16. Cymbopogon Citratus:- 18. Abeimoschus Moschatus:- 19. Acacia-Concinna:- 20. Streculla Vrens:- 22. Terminalia beierica:- 23. Kigeila Pinnata :- 24. Acorus Calamus:- 25. Asparagus Odsce Mems:- 26. Aspara Ausar Gentuil:- 27. Vitex Negumde:- 28. Centello Asialica:- 29. Mimosa Pudica:- 30. Androgrdhis Paniculata:- 31. Bacopa Monnieri:- 32. Bryophy Lulm Pinnata:- 33. Androgrphis Panleulata:- 35. Nyctanthu Saboritritus:- 36. Spindus Mukorossi:- 38. Elettaria Cardaman:- 39. Sansevieria Roxburghina;- 40. Stevia Rebaudiana:- 41. Spitanthus Acemella :- 42. Mesua Ferra:- 43. Catherantnus Roseus:- 44. Matricarid Chamomilla:- 45. Crinum Aisaticum;- 46. Vrginea Indica;- 47. Rauvolfia Serpentina;- 48. Coleus Barbats:- 49. Aloe Barbadensis:- 51. Putraujiva Roxterghll:- 52. Plumbago Indica :- CHAPTER – 6
Library is a collection of books or other written or printed materials, as well as the facility in which they are housed and the institution that is responsible for their maintenance. Modern libraries may contain a wide range of materials, including manuscripts and pamphlets, posters, photographs, motion pictures, and videotapes, sound recordings, and computer databases in Library means a home of books. Where books are kept and books are used for increasing knowledge. That is called library. Books can be purchased from shops but we can‟t call it library. Library is a special term. At HTI library is a place where books are kept in a particular series. Library has ten almirahs where books are kept with serial numbers. In HTI library there are 3040 books, which are for the welfare of students, farmers and trainers. Library is surrounded by a beautiful park, which adds on its beauty. There is calm environment in the library for study. There are chairs and tables for students and farmers to sit and read. Library is very clean. It is fitted with fans and tube lights. Library has collection of books of Tissue Culture, plant protection, fruits and vegetable, horticulture books and other related to agriculture books. The students enrolled in different courses viz. Supervisor Course and Gardener Certificate Course make use of it. Taking in view of these courses, all books are available for students‟ knowledge. Library has its own benefits for good students to increase their knowledge. Farmers and students can read books here when they are free and can gain knowledge by reading books here. There is a section of daily news papers and magazines in the library. Agriculture magazines, newspapers and employment newspaper are available here. There is a librarian and helper who are very co-operative. CHAPTER – 7
Expenditure
There are so many schemes i.e. Agriculture Human Resources Development- Plan & Non Plan Scheme, Integrated Horticulture Development Plan Scheme, Setting of DH Plan Scheme, Good Agriculture Practices, Information Technology, Strengthening of horticulture , Various Horticulture Activities, MIDH & National Mission on Medicinal Plant at the Institute is running. The total expenditure for the year 2014-15 are as under:- Expenditure Remarks
Allocation
(Rs. in lacs)
(Rs. in lacs)
79.5 % utilization 85.05% utilization Setting up of DH 100% utilization 100% utilization 100% utilization 91.5% utilization 100% utilization strengthening of 2014-15 97.9 utilization 67.5 utilization Annexure – I
Overview of trainings conducted during previous years
Participants /Trainees
(Female)
Annexure - II
List of Resource Persons for delivering lectures/ demonstrations/ visits at HTI, Uchani, Karnal
Contact Person
Designation
Contacts
Field/ Remarks
RRS, CCS HAU, Karnal Dept. of Horticulture, CCS HAU, Dr. Ved Pal Ahlawat Sr. Scientist Department of Horticulture, Department of Horticulture, IARI, Regional Station, Karnal Plant propagation & Dr. S.S. Sehrawat Department of Horticulture, Floriculture & Tissue Dr. Devender Dahiya Sr. Scientist Department of Horticulture, Department of Horticulture, Dr. S. K. Gupta, Dr. Arvind Partap GAP in Horticulture KVK, Damla, Y.Nagar Ms. Gurender Kaur Dr. Ashwani Shama Dr. Saroj Jai Pal RRS CCS HAU Uchani, Karnal Pheromone traps in Fruit model nursery Dr. Satpal Aggarwal Dr. Samunder Singh Sr. Scientist Soils RRS CCS HAU Uchani, Karnal Sr. Scientist Soils RRS CCS HAU Uchani, Karnal RRS CCS HAU Uchani, Karnal RRS CCS HAU Uchani, Karnal Dr. Neelam Narang KVK CCS HAU Uchani, Karnal Dr. Dilbag Ahlawat KVK CCS HAU Uchani, Karnal KVK CCS HAU Uchani, Karnal Sector-13, Karnal Govt. College, Sec. 14, Karnal Hi tech Vegetable cultivation RRS CCS HAU Uchani, Karnal Dr. Balraj Singh Hi tech Vegetable seedling Hi tech floriculture Dr. Ajit Chauhan Hi tech Vegetable seedling Dr. Hansraj Sardana Sheel Biotech Delhi Micro irrigation KVK Kaul Kaithal Regional Centre, Manage, EEI, 01745-246157 (O), 01745-246227 (F) Extension Process Dr. Naseeb Singh Regional Centre, Manage, EEI, 01745-246157 (O), 01745-246227 (F) Dr. Satyakaam Malik Deputy Director Regional Centre, Manage, EEI, 01745-246157 (O), 01745-246227 (F) Dr. S.R. Srivastava Regional Centre, Manage, EEI, 01745-246157 (O), 01745-246227 (F) Ex-Principal, G.N.G. College, Herbal Medicinal Products, Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (CIMAP), P.O. CIMAP, Lucknow Dr. Virender Singh Ayurvet Limited, 6th Floor, Sagar (Medicinal Plant Plaza, Distt. Centre, Vikas Marg, Sanjivani Health Care, Plot No. 163 9728101680 C,Sec.3, HSIDC, Karnal Med. Plants Section, Deptt. Of Genetics & Plant Breeding, CCS HAU Hisar Med. Plants Section, Deptt. Of Genetics & Plant Breeding, CCS HAU Hisar Med. Plants Section, Deptt. Of Genetics & Plant Breeding, CCS HAU Hisar Buy back med. Plants 0522-2359623 (O); 0522-2342666 (F) c/o Vaidh Sh.A.K. Yadav, IAS Rajasthan Agro Forestry Corporation, Sonamukhi Nagar, Sangaria Phanta, Salawas Road, racf@123india.com Jodhpur- 342005 (Rajasthan) Mr. Rajesh Jalan Jallan Trinitea Processing Pvt. Ltd., 09871889000 Plot No. 276, Sec. 6, IMT, Manesar VPO. Damla, Yamuna Nagar VPO Barola, The. Kaithal Medicinal plants Sardar Harpal Singh Bajwa Mushroom VPO Bohar sheda Kurukshetra KVK, Kurukshetra Chhotu Ram Nagar, Near Old Housing Board, Rohtak c/o HIPA, Sh. Harish Khurana 849-C, Sec. 9, Karnal c/o HIPA, Accounts Matters Dr. Satyawan Malik Vill- Kalkhan, Panipat Dr. M. D. Sharma 1996/21, Faridabad Fruit and vegetable Dr. Satpal Yadav Dr. Surender Kumar NICPM, Pusa Complex, New Delhi. Dr. Dusyant Mishra CISH, Lucknow (U.P) Sh. Neeraj Kapil Jain Irrigation, Karnal. Dr. Lal Ji Sharma Dr. P. K. Shrivastva H. No. 1077, Sec-6, Karnal. Executive Officer IPL, New Delhi IPM/Organic Farming Sh. Bharat Bushan VPO-Beeta, District- Buland Shahar 09412568747 Dr. Mahesh Paliwal Assistant Director Regional Organic Farm Centre, Dr. K. S. Chauhan Sericulture, Panchkula Sr. Co-ordinator Sewa Fedration Ltd. Gujrat. Dr. M. G. Bhardwaj Sr. Scientist Sericulture, Dehradun (U.K)

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Amorphization of Pharmaceuticals by Co- grinding with Neusilin® Amorphization of crystalline drugs can be achieved In a previous report, we discussed solid dispersion through several methods. The most common method methods using Neusilin as an adsorption carrier to is melting and solidifi cation by rapid cooling over liquid improve dissolution and bioavailabilty of poorly water

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