Caffeine &

Caffeine and Breast Feeding Caffeine can enter the breast milk of nursing moth- Caffeine & You
ers. According to the American Academy of Pediat- SODAS (12-ounce beverage)
rics, "Caffeine tends to build up in babies' systems Red Bull (8.2 oz) because their bodies cannot get rid of it very easily. A morning cup of coffee is not likely to harm your baby, but too much caffeine can cause problems such as poor sleeping, nervousness, irritability, and poor feeding. Try using decaffeinated coffee and tea Mountain Dew Code Red and avoid colas and other carbonated drinks that Diet Mountain Dew have added caffeine. Women should remain well hydrated with water, juice and milk while breastfeed- RC Cola / Diet RC Caffeine Levels in Foods and Drinks Dr. Pepper / Diet Dr. Pepper Levels of caffeine typically found in drinks and foods Diet Sunkist Orange are listed in the following table. Milligrams of Caffeine
Average Range
Pepsi-Cola / Pepsi Twist Coffee (5-oz. cup) Brewed, drip method Diet Pepsi / Diet Pepsi Twist Brewed, percolator Coca-Cola Classic / Cherry Coke / Diet Cherry Coke / Lemon Coke / Vanilla Coke Snapple Flavored Teas (Reg. or Diet) Decaffeinated, brewed Decaffeinated, instant Nestea Sweet Iced Tea Teas (5-oz. cup) Dr. Raymond Mansoor Brewed, major U.S. brands Nestea Unsweetened Iced Tea Brewed, imported brands Snapple Sweet Tea B Sc , MB BS , DM (O&G), FACOG Obstetrician & Gynaecologist Lipton Brisk, All Varieties Iced (12-oz. glass) Canada Dry Diet Cola Sprite/ 7-Up / Minute Maid / Slice / Sierra Mist / Tanner St. & Corn Alley Cocoa beverage (5 oz.) Chocolate milk beverage (8 oz.) Information contained in this booklet is meant for
Milk chocolate (1 oz.) informational purposes only and should not substitute the
Tel: (268) 463 2232/3 visit to your doctor nor his/her advice for your health care.
Dark chocolate, semi-sweet (1 oz.) Baker's chocolate (1 oz.) Accuracy of the content is current to the date
of printing.
Chocolate-flavored syrup (1 oz.)

Caffeine & You !!
scribed and made the following conclusions; • The National Institute of Child Health and Hu- man Development conducted a study of 431 women. The researchers monitored the women here have been numerous studies which • Researchers at the Centers for Disease Control and and the amount of caffeine they consumed from have examined the effects of caffeine Prevention and Harvard University examined the asso- conception to birth. After accounting for nausea, intake on fertility and pregnancy. Most of ciation between the length of time to conceive and smoking, alcohol use and maternal age, the re- these studies found that moderate caffeine consumption of caffeinated beverages. The study in- searchers found no relationship between caffeine intake does not affect fertility or increase volved more than 2,800 women who had recently consumption of up to 300 mg per day and ad- the chance of having a miscarriage or a baby with given birth and 1,800 women with the medical diagno- verse pregnancy outcomes, including miscarriage. birth defects. Most authority groups agree that low sis of primary infertility. Each group was interviewed • Others analyzed the effects of cigarettes, alcohol caffeine intake (<150 mg/day or 1-½ cups of coffee) concerning caffeine consumption, medical history and and coffee consumption on pregnancy outcome will not likely increase a woman's chance of having a lifestyle habits. The researchers found that caffeine in more than 40,000 Canadian women. Although miscarriage or a low birth weight baby. They recom- consumption had little or no effect on the reported alcohol consumption and smoking tended to have mend that caffeine intake by pregnant women not time to conceive in those women who had given birth. adverse effects on pregnancy outcome, moderate exceed 150 mg/day. In addition, moderate caffeine Caffeine consumption also was not a risk factor for caffeine consumption was not associated with low intake of 300 mg/day (equivalent to about 3 cups of birth weight or miscarriages. coffee) does not seem to reduce fertility in women • A study of 11,000 Danish women examined the rela- or increase the chances of having a child with birth • A seven-year study of 1,500 women examined tionship among number of months to conceive, ciga- defects or other problems. caffeine use during pregnancy and subsequent rette smoking and coffee and tea consumption. Al- child development. Caffeine consumption, Caffeine can enter breast milk, and high amounts can though smokers who consumed eight or more cups of equivalent to about 1 1/2 - 2 cups of coffee per cause the baby to become wakeful and agitated. The coffee per day experienced delayed conception, non- day had no effect on birth weight, birth length or American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that smokers did not, regardless of caffeine consumption. head circumference. Follow-up examinations at nursing women limit caffeine intake, but states that Caffeine and Pregnancy ages eight months, four and seven years also re- no harm is likely to occur in a nursing child whose vealed no effects of caffeine consumption on a mother drinks one cup of coffee a day. It is therefore The March of Dimes notes that during pregnancy, caf- child's motor development or intelligence. recommended that pregnant and nursing women feine easily passes from the mother to her unborn child drink plenty of water, milk, and juice and not substi- through the placenta. Because the systems for breaking Therefore, to summarize, researchers are in agree- tute those fluids with caffeinated beverages. down and eliminating chemicals are not fully developed ment that high caffeine intake (>300 mg/day, in the unborn child, blood levels of caffeine may remain equivalent to more than 3 cups of coffee/day) Caffeine and Fertility elevated for longer periods in the unborn child compared should be avoided during pregnancy. There is also Numerous studies have been conducted to deter- to the mother. Some reports have stated that children general agreement that low caffeine intake (<150 mine the effects of caffeine intake on fertility in born to mothers who consumed >500mg/day were more mg/day, about 1-½ cups of coffee) during preg- women. The International Food Information Coun- likely to have faster heart rates, tremors, increased breath- nancy is not likely to harm the unborn child. How- cil (IFIC) has described and made the following con- ing rate, and spend more time awake in the days follow- ever, moderate caffeine intake is still being clarified. • Larger, well-designed studies have failed to sup- The effects of caffeine intake on miscarriages, birth de- port that caffeine, equivalent to 1-to 2-cups of fects, and low birth weight have been studied, and differ- coffee daily decrease female fertility. ent results were obtained in the various studies. The In-ternational Food Information Council (IFIC) has de-


V8 final summary ua 2011 en-nov 27.pdf

Progress rePort summary 2011 Foreword 1. Introduction 2. Key findings: Update on the HIV epidemic 3. Key findings: Selected health sector interventions for HIV prevention 4. Key findings: Knowledge of HIV status 5. Key findings: Scaling up treatment and care for people living with HIV

as at 1 December 2011 Medicines Regulations 1984 David Beattie, Governor-General Order in Council At the Government House at Wellington this 5th day of June 1984 His Excellency the Governor-General in Council Pursuant of the Medicines Act 1981, and, in the caseof the regulations, of that Act, His Excellencythe Governor-General, acting on the advice of the Minister of Healthtendered after consultation with the organisations and bodies that ap-peared to the Minister to be representatives of persons likely to besubstantially affected, and by and with the advice and consent of theExecutive Council, hereby makes the following regulations.