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stream that flows from the Divine pen of Bhagawan SriSathya Sai Baba to dissolve all obstacles like doubts anddogmas, purposeless arguments and flimsy fancies of thesadhaka (spiritual aspirant).
We consider it be but yet another sign of His benign grace that these published in the periodicals could be givena book form and placed at the Lotus Feet on the auspiciousoccasion of His 65th Birthday, which eventually falls on the 50th year of proclamation of Avatarhood.
May this Vahini lead all seekers in the path of spiritual progress and fill us all with Ananda, the Bliss Absolute.
The Vedas originated from the breath of God; each syllable is sacred. Each word is amanthra. It exhorts all men to pursue the same holy desire. All hearts must be charged with the same goodurge. All thoughts must be directed by noble motivestowards holy ends. All men must tread the one path of truthfor all are manifestations of the One.
The world is enchanting, because it is tantalising in appearance, though it is fundamentally untrue. It is aphenomenon which is fading out. When this truth isrealised, one becomes aware of the Cosmic Sport of Godand the Eternal Universal Being.
Leela Kaivalya Vahini (originally published in the Sanathana Sarathi periodical) is a cool crystal clear Leela Kaivalya Vahini STREAM OF COSMIC
Spiritual exercises like worship (puja), and adoration (bhajan), meditation (dhyana) are activities prompted bydevotion (bhakthi) to higher powers. Controversy abouttheir efficacy should not be indulged in by those who areunaware of the depths and heights to which they can lead.
These can be gained and judged only through actual practice.
The proof lies in one's personal experience only.
The longing for the supersensory spiritual life (Paramaarthika Jivan) is aroused in the seeker, either by aquest for fundamental principles or by the felt need for lastingjoy. Mere longing will not grant success. Spiritual exercise(sadhana) has to be undertaken. It is important also toexamine oneself and assess in detail one's aspirations andattitudes before embarking on the process. For, Leela Kaivalya Vahini Leela Kaivalya Vahini contemporary religions which profess to guide seekers in they have no faith in the Highest. Enormous is the number this task do not infuse confidence in the youth. They feel of those who live their days in joy. You too were joyful and that some of these have been shaped by the conditions of are so now. But everyone is destined to disappear one day, the era in which they emerged. Many have become outdated.
as generations have already done. Therefore, everyone must Some are specifically linked with regions or states. Some desire and adopt every means to attain, not only joy, but have been imposed and moulded by foreign peoples. And what is far more valuable, peace of mind and an ideal some strike them as indecent and injurious. Young aspirants exemplary life.
for higher life feel they will be ridiculed if they practise them.
So they indulge in incessant talk and turning over the pages Born as human beings, one should not disown the of thousands of books! They stay away even from the firststep of Sadhana as prescribed in any of the many religions.
unique nature of humans. One should not forget even for a Such are the critics and controversialists who relish the moment the genuine characteristics of humans. One should confusion they create.
never degrade oneself to the level of beasts; or a level whichis far worse and despicable, that of demonic beings (Asuras).
Far more valuable than the scholarship gathered from Man must firmly resolve that he would not allow himself to a million books is the grain of wisdom gained through a fall into these depths. The spiritual path alone can arouse session of meditation. That flash (Jnana), however slight, and sustain that resolution, that alone can awaken and is a precious acquisition. It is the product of personal strengthen such yearning.
Sadhana and indisputable authentic experience. As onecultivates and develops this grain of wisdom, controversy It is necessary to emphasise that, in order to and criticism will cease. All arguments will be with one's successfully confront the problems that arise in one's daily lower self only until the Truth stands revealed. Self- living, one has also to possess intelligence and skill, in confidence is essential for a person to enter on this path of addition to the qualities of justice, virtue and spiritual spiritual practice.
excellence. Both these attainments are essential for progress,as essential as two wings for a bird or two wheels for a cart.
A word to those who are overwhelmed by the burden The importance of the higher path that leads to the Highest of worldly responsibilites and anxieties and to those whofind themselves unable to pray to the Highest, either because can be realised only by experiencing and understanding the they have condemned themselves undeserving or because Leela Kaivalya Vahini Leela Kaivalya Vahini The world is enchanting, because it is a tantalising Sai: My dear fellow! Born in India that is Bharath, parading
appearance, though it is fundamentally untrue. It is a yourself as a Bharathiya, you are not aware of what Veda phenomenon that is fading out. When this Truth is realised, means! Well, Veda is the name for a mass of divine one becomes aware of the Cosmic Sport of God and the knowledge. Veda teaches the Truth that cannot be revised Eternal Universal Being.
or reversed by the passage of time through the threestages—past, present and future. The Veda ensures welfare This state of Consciousness cannot be won through and happiness for the three worlds. It confers peace and the piling of wealth or of worldly power or the acquisition security on human society. The Veda is the collation of of knowledge and skill. It can be won through the purification Words that are Truth, which were visualised by sages who of one's consciousness in all its facets and the earnestness had attained the capacity to receive them into their with which the search is pursued.
enlightened awareness. In reality, the Word is the very Breath During that search, there naturally arise various of God, the Supreme Person. The unique importance of the obstacles like doubts and dogmas, purposeless arguments Veda rests on this fact.
and flimsy fancies.
Sadhaka: But in the field of worldly life, on the daily,
From the coming Yugadi (New Year) Festival Day, material stage, what light can one expect from the Vedas? this series under the name, Leela Kaivalya Vahini, willdissolve all such obstacles and fill you with Ananda. It will Sai: Every being that lives in the world strives to possess
lead you to the path of spiritual progress. Meanwhile, await what it desires and avoid what it dislikes. Know that the Veda the message.
instructs how to succeed in both these endeavours. That isto say, it lays down what has to be done and what should SAI SPEAKS TO SADHAKA
not be done. When these prescriptions and prohibitions arefollowed, one can earn the good and avoid the evil. Veda is Sadhaka: All those who are loyal to Bharathiya culture ac-
concerned with both the material and the spiritual, both this cept the Vedas as authoritative sources for every aspect of world and the beyond. If truth must be told all Life is Veda- life. They assert that the Vedas are the roots of their faith.
filled. One cannot but observe its injunctions. "Veda" is What exactly does Veda mean? For what reason has the derived from "vid" which means "to know." So, Veda Veda acquired such importance? means and includes all knowledge, Jnana. Man is Leela Kaivalya Vahini Leela Kaivalya Vahini distinguished from other animals by the Jnana that he is Sai: It was Vyasa, who was a partial manifestation of
endowed with. Devoid of Jnana, he is but a beast, a pasu.
Narayana (God, Vishnu) Himself. He was the son of SageParaasara. He had mastered the scriptures and spiritual Sadhaka: They say, the Vedas are numberless, without end
treatises. He was a great sage himself. He was a skillful (Anantha). Are they all full repositories of Jnana? coordinator. In order to promote the welfare of mankind,he compiled the Veda in four parts and facilitated righteous Sai: "Anantho vai Vedaah." The Vedas are infinite. But note
living by all. He divided the Vedas into four and prepared that, in the beginning, there was just one Veda. Later, it was five samhithas.
dealt with as Three and subsequently as Four.
Sadhaka: The four Vedas are the four samhithas as you
Sadhaka: Why was the one divided into many? What
explained now. What purpose does the fifth serve? How special need was met thereby? did the extra one arise? Sai: Since the Veda was vast and limitless, it was difficult
Sai: The Yajus-samhitha (Yajurveda) has separated itself
for ordinary men to study it. Moreover, it would take endless into two, the Krishna-Yajurveda-samhitha and the Sukla- time to complete the study. So those who wished to learn Yajurveda-samhitha. So, the total became five. The process were overwhelmed by fear. So, very few showed did not stop there. Each of these samhithas developed earnestness to study the Veda. For these reasons, something three separate complementary components. These had to be done to make the study within reach of all who scriptural texts emerged in order to enlighten people in sought to learn. The rks or hymns of praise in the Veda were different states of awareness and different levels of therefore separated from the rest and grouped under the title, consciousness. The purpose was to enable everyone to Rk-samhitha; the Yajur-samhitha; The Saama verses benefit by the guidance and cross the sea of suffering.
(capable of musical rendering) were grouped under the title Therefore, there is no trace of conflict in any of these texts.
Saama-samhitha and the Artharva manthras (formulae andspells) were collected under the title Atharva-samhitha.
Sadhaka: What are those three elaborations, those three
subsidiary texts called?
Sadhaka: Who was the person who grouped them in these
Sai: Brahmanas, Aranyakas and Upanishads
Leela Kaivalya Vahini Leela Kaivalya Vahini Sadhaka: What are Brahmanas?
Sadhaka: And Swami, what are Upanishads?
Sai: They are explanatory texts dealing with manthras or
Sai: They can be mastered only by intelligent discrimination
ritual formulae. They describe clearly the sacrificial rites (Viveka). They deserve to be so mastered. Four goals are and the ceremonies that have to be observed while laid down for humans in the scriptures: Dharma
performing them. There are many texts like Aitareya (Righteousness), Artha (Prosperity), Kama (Moral Desire), Brahmana, Taithiriya Brahmana, Sathapatha Brahmana and and Moksha (Liberation). Vidya or Learning can be classified Gopatha Brahmana.
under two heads: The Apara (Lower) and the Para (Higher).
Sadhaka: And, what are Aranyakas?
While the four Vedas, the earlier portion of ancient scripture,deal with the Apara (the first three goals), the later portion Sai: They are in verse and prose. They are mainly intended
of the same, the Upanishads, deal with the Para (the last for the guidance of those, who after passing through the among the goals).
stages of Brahmacharya (spiritual studies) andGrahasthya (family life), assume Vanaprastha (life as Sadhaka: But, how did the word Vedanta arise?
recluse in forests). Aranya means "forest." That is to say,these are texts to be pursued and meditated upon silently in Sai: These Upanishads themselves form the Vedanta.
lonely hermitages. They deal with the duties and Memorising the Vedas is of no avail: Vedanta has to be
responsibilities of the final stage of active life (Karma understood and assimilated. Knowledge can never reach Kanda), the stage preliminary to the totally spiritual stage consummation until Vedanta is mastered.
Sadhaka: Swami! The Vedas are often referred to as Sruthi;
Sadhaka: Swami! I have heard the term "Brahma Kanda"
being used for some texts. What does it relate to? Sai: Those texts are concerned with sacrificial rites as well
Sai: The Vedas have nine names by which they are denoted.
as rules of right conduct. They deal with the special Sruthi is only one of the nine.
features of ceremonial rituals and special elaborations ofmoral codes.
Sadhaka: What are those nine?
Leela Kaivalya Vahini Leela Kaivalya Vahini Sai: Sruthi, Anusrava, Thrayee, Aamnaaya, Naamaamnaaya,
The name Swaadhyaaya was applied to the Vedas, Chhandas, Swaadhyaaya, Aagama, Nigamaagama.
since they were handed down from father to son and fromgeneration to generation, by the process of teaching and Sadhaka: Each of these names must be indicating some
distinct feature. I desire to know how those names aroseand what those features are. Please instruct me.
Aagama means "that which has come, originated." "Nigamaagama" is an elaboration of the same word. The Sai: Of course, those names have inner meanings. Sruthi
Vedas have originated from the Breath of God; each means "That which has been heard." The guru chants the syllable is sacred. Each word is a manthra. The Vedas are Vedic hymn, the pupil listens with one-pointed attention, all manthras.
and reproduces it with the same voice modulations. Thisprocess is repeated until the pupil masters each hymn. Hence Sadhaka: Manthra? What does "Manthra" mean?
the name Sruthi is relevant. The name Anusrava also means Sai: Manthra is the exposition of the goal that is set. That is
the same, "That which has been heard serially." Now, the to say, it is that which prompts and promotes manana or word Thrayee. It means "the Three." In the beginning there probing through the mind. "Man" syllable indicates the were three collations only in Vedic scriptures—the Rig Veda, process of probing and the syllable "thra" means "the the Yajur, and the Sama Veda. These three alone were capacity to take across, to liberate, to save." In short, considered important. So this word was used and it has manthra is that which saves when the mind dwells upon it.
stayed. The word "aamnaaya" is derived from the root While rites and ritual sacrifices are performed, the person "mnaa" which means "learn." Since the Vedas had to be has to remind himself constantly of their nature and learnt continuously and in a steadfast manner, they were significance. The formulae he has to repeat to achieve this collectively known as "Aamnaaya" and also as end are manthras. But today, those who perform these rites either recite them mechanically or allow them to roll on thetongue. They pay no attention to the meaning of the "Chhandas" means a poetic metre, which can be set manthra. When manthras are uttered as rigmarole they yield to music, as in Sama Veda. So, the Vedas themselves were no fruit! The person can reap full reward only when he indicated by that name.
recites them with the knowledge of the meaning and Leela Kaivalya Vahini Leela Kaivalya Vahini significance. Each Veda has many "saakhas" (limb) and Sai: There are many Gods whose praise is contained in it.
the total direction and purpose of each "saakha" has also to The Rig Veda deals with thirty-three of them as important.
be known by the Vedic scholar.
Sadhaka: Have these Gods specially distinct forms or are
Sadhaka: What are "saakhas"?
they of the human form? Sai: Saakha means "limb," a text arising out of the main
Sai: They have forms akin to the human.
Veda. A tree has branches, each branch has twigs andbunches of leaves. When all these are conceived together, Sadhaka: Please instruct me on their swarupa, their form,
the tree emerges. Each Veda has a large number of main at least, about one or two among them.
branches and subsidiary branches. Not all have come to Sai: Surya, the Sun God, has "rays" as His arms. The
light. Only a few have been identified and studied. The flames of Agni, the Fire God, are His tongues. This is how number of saakhas lost from memory and practice will add they are pictured.
up to thousands and even lakhs (100,000). Even theirnames have disappeared; no one can recall them. This is Agni, the Fire God, is born when hardwood (Arani) the reason why the scriptures declare, "The Vedas are is churned. Agni has parents, but, as soon as He is born, endless" (Anantho Vai Vedaah). As a result, each of the He eats up His father and mother, that is to say, the pieces great saints and sages took up for study and practice only a of wood whose friction produces the spark. Agni is few saakhas from one Veda or the other.
described as having ten maids. They are the ten fingers thathold the arani and operate it. Since He is born every time Sadhaka: What is the Rig Veda? How was that name
the arani is ritually operated, Agni is named the Bahujanma, the Multiborn. The column of smoke (dhooma) indicatesHis presence, it is His Flag (Kethu) so to say. Therefore, Sai: Rig Veda is the collection of manthras or hymns in
He has another name, Dhooma Kethu, by which He is invited.
praise of Gods. The term Rig Veda can apply to the Godswho are praised.
Agni is named Yajna-Sarathi, (the Charioteer for the sacrifice), for He brings in this chariot to the place of Sadhaka: Which God is most adored and glorified in this
sacrifice the Gods to whom offerings are made in the ceremonial flames. He conveys the offerings to the Gods to Leela Kaivalya Vahini Leela Kaivalya Vahini whom they are dedicated. In every Yajna (Sacrificial rite) All are parts of God, His Power, His Energy. The Agni is the most important participant. So He is praised as Atma that is the Reality in everyone is, in truth, the One officiating in all the four roles: Rthwic (priest), Hotha (reciter
manifesting as the Many. The Veda demands that difference of prayers), Purohitha (performer of rites) and Brahma and distinction should not be imposed. This universal (supervisor of ritual). Agni is the closest friend of man, for inclusive outlook is absent among men today. They have without fire he can scarce hold onto life. The principle of multiplied differences and conflicts and their lives have Fire is at the basis of human activity—both inside the body become narrow and restricted. The Rig Veda, in the ancient and outside. So, Agni is addressed as Grhapathi (the master past, pulled down restrictive barriers and narrow feelings of the home). Agni has no preferences and no prejudices.
and proclaimed Unity.
Agni treats all living beings, all races and castes equally withno distinction. Therefore, He is addressed as Samamithra Sadhaka: What is the Yajur Veda? Why is it known by that
(Same Friend).
Sai: The name is derived from the root "Yaj." It has a large
Sadhaka: What is the main lesson that the Rig Veda
number of derivatives, each with a particular meaning. But the meanings most current are "Worship of God"(Devapuja) and charity, granting gifts. The Yajur Veda Sai: The Rig Veda teaches Unity. It exhorts all men to pursue
describes the modes and methods of performing Yajna and the same holy desires. All hearts must be charged with the Yaga to propitiate the Gods. Adhwara also means "a same good urge. All thoughts must be directed by good sacrifice"; so, Yajur Veda is sometimes referred to as motives towards good ends. All men must tread the one Adhwara Veda.
Path of Truth for all are but manifestations of the One.
Sadhaka: What lesson does the Yajur Veda convey?
People believe today that the lesson of the unity of mankind is quite new and that the idea of progressing Sai: The Yajur Veda has two recensions, one centering round
towards it, is very praiseworthy. But the concept of human the tradition of Aditya or the Sun and the other, around the unity is not at all new. In Rig Vedic times, the concept has tradition of Brahma. The latter is distinguished as Krishna been proclaimed much more clearly and emphatically than (Dark) Yajur Veda and the former as Sukla (White) Yajur now. It is the preeminent ideal of the Rig Veda.
Veda. The Sukla Yajur Veda is widely current in North India Leela Kaivalya Vahini Leela Kaivalya Vahini while the Krishna Yajur Veda prevails in South India. The Sadhaka: Swami! You said the Veda is known by nine
Krishna recension is closer to the hymns of the Rig Veda other names. Has it got more? collections. The manthras or formulae contained in this areused in the worship of Gods and while placing offerings to Sai: Ah! Can it be designated by only nine? It has many
the Gods in the sacrificial fire.
more names. For example, it is known as Prasna, also asPrathamaja. The names reveal the various facets of the The Krishna Yajur Veda comprises eighty-six Saakhas Veda, the context and character of the teachings.
(branches) each with its special explanatory texts. But theyhave mostly disappeared from the memory for want of Sadhaka: Prasna? What does it mean?
people to study and practise. Only four have survived.
Sai: The Almighty (Parameswara) is Prasnagarbha (He
Eighty-two have been drowned in the whirlpool of time.
who contains all clarity and wisdom). Prasna connotes The Sukla Yajur Veda had seventeen noteworthy purity, clarity, sanctity. So the word indicates that theAlmighty has the intelligence, devoid of taint of any kind.
branches, but they too had to succumb to the ravages of The Veda is the concretisation in words of that Wisdom.
time. Only two of them are available now. When we consider Rishis (sages) who possess purified consciousness and how momentous and meaningful (mahath) these two are, clarified intellect win the grace of the all-pervasive Brahmam one has to conclude that the unique value of this Veda is (Cosmic Self). Brahmam prompts them and blesses them well-nigh indescribable. Estimating the glory and grandeur to visualise the hymns and sacred formulae (manthras). While of the Vedas is a task which no one can fulfil. The Vedas adoring the Almighty, who became aware of the Truth, they are unreachable, by means of either language or too recognised and described Brahmam as Prasnagarbha.
imagination—"Yatho Vaacho nivarthanthe, apraapya,manasaa saha" (That from which words recoil, inacessible Rishis who visualised the manthras were not bound even to the mind). Know that this is the truth and exult that by the consequent coils of Karma (works); they merge in you could know that this is the truth and exult that you Brahmam and emerge from Brahmam when the cycle of could know it thus. Those who have become aware of this manifestation starts again. So, they are hailed as Ajah are really blessed. Diving into the depth, they have gained (unborn). The Veda acclaims them thus. Their very nature the precious gem. They have won the goal of Life, the is immaculate purity. Therefore, they too are called Prasna.
They yearned so agonisingly for grace that in the state of Leela Kaivalya Vahini Leela Kaivalya Vahini super consciousness (Samaadhi), Brahmam manifested out underwent the Thapas." It ever IS. It has willed to be so. It of self-will, and awarded them the vision of Brahma Yajna.
projected Itself as the Vaak, the Word. The Word is themanthra of the Veda. So, the Almighty is described in the Sadhaka: What is Brahma Yajna?
Veda as the Designer of Manthra (Manthra-krit), the Creator Sai: Brahma Yajna is Swaadhyaaya, that is to say, intense
of Rishis (Rishis-Krit), besides the names that occur at some study and observance of the Veda. The Rishis who are place or other, like Self-emergent (Swayam-bhu), Thapoja "unborn" and therefore authorised by Brahmam to transmit (born of Thapas), etc.
the Truth, formulated, according to the vision they earned,the Yajnas or sacrificial rites designed to promote peace I mentioned the name Prasnagarbha. That is a very and prosperity in the world. The Vedas acknowledge as meaningful name for the Almighty. It signifies food (anna), Rishis only those who treasure in their hearts the awareness water (jala), immortalising nectar (amritha) and the wisdom of manthras, of the supreme truth, and of the meaning and of the Veda. Since the Almighty Brahmam has all these in significance of Brahmam (the Cosmic Self) and Dharma Him, in the womb (garbha), so to say, He is named (the Laws of Social Harmony and Individual Rights and Prasnagarbha. Brahmam is thus declaring His own Reality Duties). The ritual sacrifices authorised and accepted by as the Form of Veda (Veda-rupa).
such Rishis are called Yajnas.
Sadhaka: Swami! Prathamaja is another name you
The yearning for Truth is Thapas or Asceticism. Since mentioned. What does that word mean? Brahmam is won through Thapas, it is referred to as Thapoja(attained by Thapas) and the response from Brahmam to Sai: The Three (Thrayee), that is to say, the Veda, is extolled
the Thapas is described as the Word of God (Deva-Vaak), as Prathamaja in the Veda; "Upasthaaya Prathamajaam";— the Voice of God (Deva-Vaani).
this statement reveals the belief that Vidya (higher learning)could be attained by the upasthaa (revered study) of Thapoja literally means "born of Thapas"; but this Prathamaja or the Primal-born. Unless one studies with does not imply that the Cosmic Self (Brahmam) was non- humility the sacred Veda-vaak (Word of the Veda), one existent until Thapas brought It forth! Brahmam is ever- cannot master knowledge of Brahmam (Brahma Vidya).
existent. It has no Beginning. Time does not affect it. "Born This requires, not the verbal recitation of the Veda, but the of Thapas" means that "It revealed Itself to the person who constant "service," the conscious worship of the Veda with Leela Kaivalya Vahini Leela Kaivalya Vahini full awareness of what the word means and commands.
Veda is the source of Dharma, moral life, righteous This has been made plain in that statement.
behaviour. Those who observe the norms relating to dutiesand taboos as laid down in the Veda and as interpreted by Sadhaka: In which Veda, Swami, does the name,
the Mimamsa rule deserve the name Dharma-adherents.
Prathamaja occur? Those who interpret them as their own desires direct areAdharma-adherents. This is the Artha.
Sai: In the Rig Veda. Understand that Prathamaja and
another similar expression, Poorvaja indicate the
Sadhaka: Artha? What does that mean?
impossibility of discovering when the Veda was firstrevealed. It is beginningless. It is for this reason that Sage Sai: Meaning, declaration of distinction! The Vedas are the
Valmiki has praised this Word (Vaak) as the First expression of the highly spiritualised vision of sages or imperceptible mysterious Word (Agre Vaak). The first Rishis. The Vedic manthras are the precious treasure garnered concretisation of the Cosmic Will was the Cosmos or the by Rishis for liberating man. Thus sayeth the Rig Veda.
Cosmic Womb (the Hiranyagarbha); that too is Prathamaja.
Knowledge of the Impersonal and its projection as Personal The Brahmam concept of the Vedas is also denoted (Brahma Vidya) is also Prathamaja, the Primal Awareness, by the word that has sa as the end syllable. Vedah, for this according to the Veda. Both Brahmam and Hiranyagarbha reason means wealth (Dhana), wisdom (Jnana) and the are sometimes referred to as Prathamaja.
highest potence (Param Aiswarya). The wealth hereindicated is distinct from worldly gains and possessions. It Sadhaka: Of these two, which is really Prathama, that is to
is the means by which the sufpreme goal can be attained. In other words, the wealth acquired through the Grace ofMother Veda (Veda Matha) is the most potent Wisdom Sai: Brahmam is the very first. It always is and has been.
itself. For this reason, the Vedic Rishis prayed thus: "God!
From it Hiranyagarbha was born. And the Veda too You are the very embodiment of the Veda (Veda Swarupa).
emanated from it. The appellation Prathamaja is very apt, Fill me, not with the burden of cattle and children, but with for the Vedas. Since the Rishis heard and pronounced the the Wisdom that is the source of Param Aiswarya. I shall be Veda, it is also named Aarsha, that is, related to the Rishis.
fully content with that wealth. (Dhana). And since such wealth Leela Kaivalya Vahini Leela Kaivalya Vahini is capable of being utilised for your service, you too will be known as Veda) "Sah Vedasthwam" (Get instructed by glad when I have it." that Veda). Wealth (Dhana) is desired and sought out (Artha)as a means for prosperity and progress (Subha). So, He Sadhaka: Swami! We do not find today feelings that pro-
too is known as Arthah. The Veda announces that the intui- duce such prayers anywhere among men. People repeat tive wisdom (Jnana) constitutes the riches (Dhana) the means these Vedic prayers, as gramophone records do, without by which the Almighty is attained; this alone deserves the any knowledge of their meanings, out of sheer habit. Is it name "Vedas" or Vedic truth. Sruthi (Vedic scripture) as- not so? Do they get the Wisdom that is the most precious serts that such wealth alone can confer the joy of satisfac- tion (thripthi) to both the worshipper (aaraadhaka) andworshipped (aaraadhya).
Sai: My dear fellow! You yourself said now that they recite
the Veda as gramophone records do, didn't you? So, they
The Rig Veda extols this form of wealth and refers to gain as much wisdom and Aiswarya as those records get, it as Sruthyaak, for it is the type described and how can they acquire the treasure of full potence? Planting recommended in the Sruthi. The Veda approves as Vedic a branch that has been severed, can one claim that it is a only that wealth that is earned through adherence to themoral codes laid down clearly for human guidance.
tree growing there? Those who recite the Vedas with theawareness of their meaning, experiencing at the same time Sadhaka: Sruthyaak? What does that mean, Swami?
the feelings embedded in the hymns, they alone can earn theGrace of Brahmam, the Brahma Vidya, the Highest Wis- Sai: A prosperous person (Sreemantha) is one who is
dom, the Supreme Treasure (Sakalaiswarya).
happily endowed with sons and grandsons and who issuccessful in worldly ambitions beyond even surprising Sadhaka: Swami! Generally speaking, there will be no one
heights. Moral excellence is a more valuable possession.
who does not crave wealth. But what form of wealth is to This wealth is the concrete result of Vedic injunctions. It is be craved for? Which form will be approved by the Veda? called Dharma. The Ramayana extols Rama as Dharma What has the Veda said about this? Instruct me.
Personified (Vigrahavaan Dharma). Dharma sustains allbeings ("sarva bhoothaanaam dhaaranaath, Dharmah").
Sai: "Vedam Paramaiswaryam" (Veda is the highest trea-
sure) "Vedayathithi Veda" (That which gives instruction is
Dharma is the support (dhaarana) for all beings. Hence it Leela Kaivalya Vahini Leela Kaivalya Vahini is named Dharma. The Almighty is that support and accept ritual offerings, the expression used is svadhaa, not sustenance; the most effective mode of worship is the svaaha. Since the word is full of potency, it is revered as the offering of Dharma. So, the almighty Itself is identified with manifestation of Vaak Devi, the Deity presiding over speech.
the word Dharma. That name is therefore meaningful. Theentire Cosmos projected by the Almighty is established on The rites prescribed as unavoidable for daily life and Dharma. (Dharmo Viswasya Jagathah Prathistaa). The those that are laid down as optional for the observance of Dharma imbued with profound sanctity is being interpreted certain holy days, all these have to begin with "svaaha" by persons in accordance with their whims and fancies, pronounced along with the sips of sanctified water their selfish interests. Hence it has been severely distorted.
(Aachamana). Generally speaking, there are no ritual The words, Veda and Deva take on new meanings and offerings in the sacred fire without the accompaniment of implications. The process can be clearly recognised in Vedic the manthras, svaaha or svadhaa.
literature. "Swayam Sarvam Vetthi-ithi Vedah" (Itself ItKnows All). This statement reveals that Veda is the Sadhaka: What is the benefit that accrues when these two
Omniscient Brahma Itself. Sruthi is Its embodiment.
manthras, svaaha and svadhaa, are additionally pronouncedat the end of Vedic manthras? Sadhaka: Swami! In the manthras which the Vedas contain,
we have the word Svaaha occurring frequently. What does
Sai: When offerings are given, while svaaha or svadhaa is
uttered, the Gods (Devathas) or manes (Pitrs) to whomthey are directed, will be pleased. Moreover, when those Sai: Good! That word is generally taken to indicate only an
who are well-versed in Vedic practices perform the worship expression used while offering oblations in ceremonially-lit of fire in order to offer oblations, and do not utter the fire; people imagine that it is not a Vedic word. They argue prescribed svaaha, the offerings cannot reach the Gods.
it is a technical expression applicable to rituals only. There Svaaha and svadhaa are words which invoke the respective is a deity named Svaaha Devi, invoked by that word. It alsoconnotes "the offering of Havis (sacramental food) to the deities. They are manthras which awake and alert the Divine.
Gods." So, the word has two meanings. When Havis or The Rig Veda declares, "Svaahaa sthoamasya varmanaa." other offerings are made to Divinity under its various forms Svaaha has two meanings: (1) the offering made with the
and in Its various names, this word, Svaaha is used. When utterance of that manthra, and (2) the vedic statement which however, one invokes one's forefathers and invites them to conveys praise or glorification. Whether one of the meanings Leela Kaivalya Vahini Leela Kaivalya Vahini is preferred or both are adopted, the Gods are pleased and thing is dropped into fire gets burnt totally, even when no they confer progress on the person who pronounces the manthra is uttered by us. This is the general experience. So, manthras—svaaha or svadhaa.
what is the special process that takes place when svaaha isuttered? Sadhaka: Confer progress on the adorer! What does that
Sai: "Svaahutha" does not indicate the mere burning out or
the total consumption of the offering placed in the fire. From
the worldly point of view, only this much is observed. But,
Sai: As a consequence of the praise conveyed through
the Vedas (Sruthi) concede that Fire has a divine form and words bearing the impress of the Vedas, the person is function besides the commonly known material form and blessed with various progressive qualities and opportunities function. The Divine Forms (Gods) are beyond the reach to achieve excellence.
of the senses. So, the Vedas recommend that the Gods beworshipped through rites and rituals. And Agni or the Deity Sadhaka: I would like to know some examples where the
Fire, has in It the source and sustenance of the Gods.
manthra "svaaha" is used in the Vedas to convey its ("Agnirava deva yonih.") Agni is the Divine Principle. He who offers oblations to the Gods through Agni becomesblessed with Divine qualities. Only those who are able to Sai: Kesavaaya svaaha: Praanaaya svaaha; Indraaya
understand this fact can achieve that principle.
svaaha. These are some examples. Here, the meaning of
the manthra is: Svaahutham Asthu, Suhurtham Asthu. May
The person who enjoys (Bhoktha) and the object that
it be svaahutham. May it be suhurtham.
provides joy (Bhogya)—these two compose the Jagath(World). When these two become one, they mix and are Sadhaka: What do those two words mean? Svaahutham
then known as Aththa, that is to say, Bhoktha. This is the and suhurtham.
vyavahara, the natural conclusion. It does not stand toreason that the One, be known as Bhogya. Well. Who is the Sai: They mean, "May the offering made be well burnt,"
Bhoktha? It is Agni, the Fire which accepts the oblation.
that is to say, well digested.
The very first Divine Entity is Aadithya (The Sun). Its Sadhaka: Swami! That raises a doubt in me. Whatever
spiritual counterpart is the vital warmth in living beings, the Leela Kaivalya Vahini Leela Kaivalya Vahini Praanaagni. Agni has in it Aajya (ghee) and soma (the svadhaa as Her Names. Svaaha also means "the close," juice of the soma plant). The oblations placed in fire are "the going under," "the end." named Aahithayah. The word means "deposited, placed."The Gods prefer to be beyond the range of sight. Therefore, Sadhaka: Which Veda is named Artharva? Is it also known
the oblations are also referred to as Aahuthis. by many other names? Sadhaka: When Agni is within the range of sight, what is
Sai: Yes. That Veda has various popular names—Brahma
Veda, Angiro Veda, Artharvangiro Veda, Bhaishajya Veda.
Kalidasa has praised sage Vasishta as "Atharva Nidhi" (the Sai: Then, it is named Agri. Agri means first. It was created
Treasure Chest of Atharva knowledge). As a result of his earliest. Hence the name. When it is beyond the range as earning such high renown, Vasishta was installed as Rajaguru sight (Paroksha), it is named Agni.
(Royal Preceptor) and could claim mastery over all the fourVedas (Rig, Yajur, Sama and Atharva) and the authority to Sadhaka: What is the meaning of Aahuthi?
supervise ritual sacrifices and perform scriptural rites andceremonies.
Sai: Oblations offered in the fire, lit and fed as prescribed.
Besides, the word denotes that God is invited (aahvaana)
Sadhaka: Swami! Have the manthras contained in the
to accept the oblations. This is the special meaning the word Atharva Veda any special names? conveys. Vashatkaara (the explanatory formula) onlycomplements the effect of svaaha manthra. The Gods receive Sai: They are celebrated as Siddha Manthras, that is to say,
Manthras that guarantee the promised effects. The presiding
only offerings for which they have been invited (Aahuthis).
deity of the Gayathri Manthra, known as Gayathri Devi, is Svaaha is a name applied to Saraswathi, the Deity of adored as having the Rig, Yajur, Sama Vedas as feet, theMimamsa Sastra (Science of Interpretation and Inquiry) as the Word (Vaagdevi), the Deity of the Vedic Word. Since the passive, steady aspect and the Atharva Veda as Activity.
the Word expresses the Atma the name is svaaha too. TheDevi Bhagavatham declares that the Supreme Deity is both Sadhaka: This is rather complicated to me. Is there no
Gayathri and Svaaha. The Lalitha Sahasranama (the 1008 other way of explaining the importance of this Veda by some names of Lalitha, the Supreme Deity) declares svaaha and worldly metaphor which is more easily comprehensible? Leela Kaivalya Vahini Leela Kaivalya Vahini Sai: Well. Listen. The Atharva Veda is a huge tree, of which
Sai: The Narasimha form of God that emerged from the
the Rig, Yajur and Sama Vedas are the trunk and branches Pillar was mild and serene, beautiful and beneficent for and the Smrithis and Puranas, the leaves. One Sun (Adithya) Prahlada, the staunch devotee, and at the same time, the is worshipped in the Yajur Veda as Yajuh, in the Sama Veda form was terrible of Hiranyakasipu, the father, who hated as Saama, in the Rig Veda as Oordhva and in the Atharva God to the utmost. Well, even Nature, the concretisation of Veda as Yaathu.
the will power of God, has these two aspects, the mild andthe fearful. Water is an essential ingredient for sustaining life Sadhaka: What does the Atharva mean?
in beings. It is vital and health-giving as well as fatal anddeath-dealing.
Sai: It means a steady, unmoved person, who is of stable
nature. Atharva is also widely identified in the Veda as
Praana-atma, (the superconsciousness that activates the
Sadhaka: Pardon me for asking again for some examples.
vital airs) and Prajapathi (the ruler of all beings born). Asthe former, it is also denoted as Prana-pathi. This Prajapathi Sai: All living beings exist because of food. According to
is credited with the achievement of first churning sparks of the scriptures (Sastras), food is of three kinds—Sathwic the fire and making fire manifest. Of the Vedas, each of the (promoting peace and harmony), Rajasic (promoting three is at sometime or other recognised as the first; but so passions and emotions, activities and adventures) and far as the last is concerned, the Atharva is always uttered as Tamasic (promoting sloth and dullness). One has to choose one's food with discrimination and control and limit its intake.
Then, food will be health-giving medicine. If, on the other Sadhaka: How many forms are ascribed to God
hand, food is consumed indiscriminately and beyond limit, (Parameshvara, the Supreme God) in this Veda? it produces illness and causes grief and pain. It assumes afearful role.
Sai: "Yaatho Rudrassivaathanoraghora Paapa naasinee,"
it is said. That is to say, God is described as having two
This fact is made clear in the Vedas by the probe into distinguishable forms—the serene and the terrible.
the word "Anna." The word Anna has as its root, Ad, whichmeans "eating." That which is eaten by living beings and at Sadhaka: I crave for illustration by examples.
Leela Kaivalya Vahini the same time, it eats the person who eats; food is bothbeneficent and maleficent.
The Rishis (sages) Atharva and Agniras who visualised the manthras of this Veda have recognised this twin natureof both God and Creation. They appear mild and terrible,in accordance with the credentials of the experiencer. But intotal effect and in a deeper sense, these manthras are intendedto reveal the Atma and promote the peace and prosperity ofhumanity.

Source: http://www.saibaba.ws/download/vahinis/Leela_Kaivalya_Vahini.pdf


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