Sebac nepal annual report 2015.indd

Foreword from Chairperson
The summary presentation of SEBAC-Nepal's Social Undertakings
pertaining to 2015 AD has come to Publication. It is extremely a jubilant
occasion to share & cherish the meaningful outcomes and the degree of social economic transformation implanted in the social milieu entailing excluded, deprived, marginalized, vulnerable, resource poor, exploited dalits, ethnic groups and women. Th e enlightenment in terms of qualitative & Quantitative outputs engendered through various socio-economic inputs has been inspirational & energizing us for the coming social ventures. Our eff ort, endeavor and commitment for the sake of the underprivileged people have been unabated since the foundation of SEBAC Nepal nearly two decades ago. Th at is why we are designing & launching people oriented, empowering, participating, pro-people oriented social development programs in joint collaboration with the donor community. We would like to thank our generous donor of development programs i.e. USAID, WFP, RAP, Helvetas, GSF / UN Habitat, SIMAVI, Plan Nepal, Practical Action, ADB / DoLIDAR for their fi nancial & technical support. SEBAC Nepal began its programs initially from Achham district has now emerged as a dedicated and functioning national level organization. Currently SEBAC Nepal is expanded in 23 districts of the country.

Foreword from Executive Director
I am very much happy to know that SEBAC Nepal being as an NGO planning
implementing, Monitoring and completing of development activities in
underprivileged communities and population of least developed district of It is truly enjoying working with donors and partners such as USAID, SDC/ HELVETAS, WFP, SIMAVI, and INGO's and their technical and fi nancial support both for earthquake eff ected districts as well as other districts of I feel very proud to be a part of SEBAC Nepal as well as SEBAC family, its board members and staff s together with donors particularly USAID to make things happen for the betterment, governance and institutionalize of wash sectors and its alliance members, it further happiness for me to note that the project which plan and implemented by the organization are in line with the government system, policies and intervention strategy for the sustainability of development activities in the country.
Table of Contents
SEBAC-Nepal Introduction SEBAC Nepal's working areas across the country Financial summary Grant Income/Expenditure 2014/15 SEBAC-Nepal's Projects AWASH Recovery Activity (WRA) Food and Cash for Work and Training Activities under EMOP Phase III Rural Access Programme (RAP) III Household Economy Security Program (HESP) Community Irrigation Project (CIP) Open Defecation Free (Dolakha) Poverty Alleviation Program Trail Bridge Program Self Help Shelter and Sanitation Solutions Girl Power Project (GPP) Trachoma Control through WASH Intervention Program Hygiene Promotion Program in Dolakha SEBAC Nepal Annual Report 2015 : Asian Development Bank : Municipality-Water, Sanitation and : Body Mass Index Hygiene Coordination Committee : Business Service Provider : Nepal Technical Assistance Group : Contractual Agreement : Nepal Water for Health : Community Based Organization : Non Governmental Organization : Community Forest User Group : Community Irrigation Project : National Sanitation and Hygiene : Corridor Level Network : Open Defecation Free : Community Organization : Open Defecation Free Program : Civil Society Organization : Other Direct Operational Costs : District Agriculture Development : Oral Rehydration Centre : District Administration Offi : Poverty Alleviation Fund : District Development Committee : Primary Eye Care Centre, : District Education Offi : Participatory Market Mapping : UK Department for International : Participatory Market System : District Water, Sanitation and Hygiene : Promotion of Sustainable Agriculture for Nutrition and Food Security : District Water Supply Offi : Rural Access Programme : Extended Delivery Point : Rural Community Infrastructure : Emergency Mode Operation Plan : Rural Health Programme : Farmers Business School : Social Empowerment and : Food and Cash for Asset Building Accessibility Centre Nepal : Female Community Health Volunteer : Social and Economic Development : Farmers Field School : Sustainable Infrastructure Development : Frequency Modulation : Family Planning/Mother and Child : Self Reliant Group : Short Span Trail Bridge : Gross Domestic Product : Trail Bridge Sub-Sector Programme : Generation Income to Foster : Trail Bridge Support Unit TF :Trachomatous Infl ammation, Follicular : Girl Power Project : Training of Trainers : Global Sanitation Fund TT :Trachomatous : Household Economy Security Program : United States Agency for International : Health Facility Management Committee/Primary Health Center : Village Development Committee : Village Water, Sanitation and Hygiene : Junior Technical Assistant JV/CMS Nepal : Joint Venture of Consolidated : Ward Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Management Services Nepal : Karnali Integrated Rural Development : Water, Sanitation and Hygiene and Research Centre : World Food Programme : Local Resource Person : Ward Level Interaction : WASH Recovery Activity : Market Management Committee : Women's Saving and Credit Cooperatives : Water Users' Association : Multiuse of Water System : Young Women's Organization SEBAC Nepal Annual Report 2015

Social Empowerment and Building Accessibility Centre (SEBAC) Nepal, is an non-governmental organization established in 1997 A.D. (2054 B.S.) and has been associated with the Social Welfare Council since 2002. Th e organization works with the community to promote development and social transformation. So far, it has been able to serve about 3 million people across 1287 VDCs and 15 municipalities of 23 districts with diff erent projects/programs, from all fi ve development regions. SEBAC-Nepal is working with 21, 914 CBOs, 219 network groups and 8 local NGOs in partnership with 14 I/NGOs, 3 UN Agencies, 3 Bilateral agencies, 7 Government Agencies along with the respective DDC, Municipality and VDCs. Currently, SEBAC-Nepal has 360 staff s engaged in diff erent programs.
Establish equitable, well-developed and judicious societies across the country.
Mission and goal
Overall mission and goal of the organization is to improve lives of children, women, marginalized, deprived, and disadvantaged communities through improving access to health, nutrition, sanitation, education, agriculture promotion, and income generation. e organization's work revolves around four thematic areas: (i) Governance and Peace Building, (ii) Health, Water, Sanitation and Hygiene, (iii) Livelihoods and Natural Resource Management, and (iv) Disaster Risk Management including Climate Change. Th e majority of projects are currently operational in the mid-western and far-western regions. Please refer fi gure 1 Figure 1: SEBAC Nepal's working areas across the country.
SEBAC Nepal Annual Report 2015 e organization has established partnership with various international and national organizations to achieve program objective, target, goal and mission. Th e partnerships have proven valuable in expanding projects and building professional growth of the organization. Th e major partners of SEBAC Nepal are listed below.
Name of Partner
Name of Partner
Poverty Alleviation Fund – Nepal Ministry of Local Development District Education Offi ces – Kanchanpur and District Cottage and Small Industries Offi District Water Supply Sanitation offi Winrock International Achham, Bajhang and Darchula UN Agencies
GTZ/Food for Work World Food Porgramme (UN-WFP) District Level Partners, NGOs
Source Nepal, Doti Kedar Young Janajagaran Milen Kendra, Dollidar (Asian Development Bank, ADB) Sayal Nepal, Doti Janahit Gramin Sewa Samitee, SIDEC, Sindhupalchowk Practical Action Nepal CDF Nepal, Dolakha SEBAC Nepal has formulated clear fi nancial policy and followed strictly. Th e organization is using FAMAS soft ware. Th e senior management team takes the lead role in monitoring the organization's fi nancial activities. SEBAC Nepal's fi nances are audited by Class-A Chartered Accountant, and a public hearing system is an integral practice that helps to maintain transparency and eff ectiveness. A summary of the grant expenditure for 2015 is presented below.
SEBAC Nepal Annual Report 2015 Grant Income/Expenditure 2014/15
Community Based Poverty Reduction Program, Achham district POSAN-FS, Achham & Doti districts Community Trail Bridge Construction, Achham district Open Defecation Free Campaign (WASH) Sindhupalchowk Household Economic Security & Girls Power Project, Sunsari Sebac-Nepal, KTM (5 to10% overhead, contribution & Open Defecation Free Campaign Program (WASH), Bajura district Phase-II Food Security and Sustainable Livelihood (FSL), Achham district Trachoma Prevention Th rough Wash Intervention, Kailali district Capacity Building & Mobilization of local stakeholders (SMCPTA), Sindhupalchowk district Rural Access Program (RAP-3), Achham district Open Defecation Free Campaign (WASH), Dolakha district Safe Practices on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Programme (Safe 30,215,971.00 28,398,169.57 WASH-II), Achham, Darchula, Kailali & Kanchanpur districts SUAAHARA Porgram (HKI partnership), Achham district SUAAHARA Program (JHUCCP partnership), Achham district SUAAHARA program (NEWAH partnership), Achham district SUAAHARA Program (Save the Children partnership), Achham Hygiene Promotion Program, Dolakha district Total Income
SEBAC Nepal Annual Report 2015 SEBAC-Nepal ensures gender-equal opportunity, and representation of all castes and ethnicities during hiring processes, and promotes competency, effective, and transparent loyalty amongst it's' staff members. Currently, there are a total of 360 employees within the organization, and a summary of staff members in various sectors in provided below.
Finance &
Grand Total
Programs accomplished in 2015 A.D.
Name of project
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene 2 districts [Sindhupalchowk (WASH) Recovery Activity (WRA) (20 VDCs), Dolakha (14 30,428 households/ 129,149 people Food and Cash for Work and 38 VDCs of Sindhupalchowk 30,253 households/ 160,341 people Training Activities under EMOP III 4 districts [Darchula (16 VDCs, 1 municipality), Kanchanpur (7 VDCs, 4 80,438 households/ 442,409 people municipalities), Kailali (15 VDCs, 5 municipalities), Achham (31 VDCs) Rural Access Programme (RAP) III 3,156 households/17,042 people Household Economy Security Sunsari (16 VDCs) 1106 households/ 6083 people Community Irrigation Project Kailali (12 VDCs) 55,874 households/ 222,383 people Dolakha (37 VDCs, 2 Open Defecation Free Dolkha 37,316 households/ 151,681 people Poverty Alleviation Program 3,600 households/24,594 people Promotion of Sustainable Achham (5 VDCs) and Doti Agriculture for Nutrition and Food 4665 households/11640 people Secutiry (POSAN-FS) 17 districts of mid-western Trail Bridge Program 178,500 households/892,500 people and far-western regions Achham (56 VDCs, 3 48,323 households/ 6,085 people Self Help Shelters and Sanitation Dolakha (11 VDCs) All households/13,332 people Girl Power Project (GPP) 4,487 households/24,678 people Trachoma Control through WASH 9,299 households/57,643 people InterventionHygiene Promotion Program in Dolakha 8,500 households/ 8,116 Peoples /114 Dolakha (16 VDCs) Schools/ 10,097 students SEBAC Nepal Annual Report 2015

1. WASH Recovery Activity (WRA)
 Project Area
: Sindhupalchowk and Dolakha  Project VDC
: 20 VDCs of Sindhupalchowk, 14 VDCs of Dolakha  Duration : December, 2015 – November, 2019
 Supporting Partner
 Targeted HHs
 Benefi ciary Population
Introduction and Objective
e WRA project aims to increase access to safe drinking water, improve sanitation through public latrines, and increase awareness of menstrual hygiene management through schools, in two earthquakes-aff ected districts. Th e project operates in Sindhupalchowk and Dolakha districts, where the April and May 2015 earthquakes badly damaged Health, Education, Economic, Buildings Roadsand the water supply system and public infrastructure, resulting in widespread hardship and deteriorated conditions for public health and socioeconomic development. Th e principle outcome of USAID/Nepal's WRA will be rehabilitation and/or construction of resilient water supply schemes. Th e WRA seeks to achieve the following results: Improved and equitable access to drinking water and sanitation services o Improved community water supplyo Improved gender friendly public toilets Strengthened WASH governance and behavior change o Improved governance of the water supply infrastructure o Sustainable sanitation and promotion of hygiene behaviors o Menstrual hygiene management promoted in schools and communities Figure 1: WRA Program Introduction meeting to D-WASH-CC at Sindhupalchowk District
SEBAC Nepal Annual Report 2015

Anticipated achievements
At the end of the four-year project period, it is anticipated that the following major outcomes will be achieved:  200 community water supply systems renovated and/or newly constructed for earthquake-aff ected  200 climates and disaster-resilient Water Safety Plans, and maintenance plans, 200 water quality test results and the consequent measures taken to ensure good quality water at  10 public latrines at markets/bus stops with rainwater harvesting to supplement toilet/shower facilities, solar lighting system, and bio-gas plants for fecal sludge management and production of energy,  10 partnership models for construction and operation of each public latrine, Two District Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Coordinating Committees functioning for water supply reconstruction and Community-led Total Sanitation movement re-activation,  200 Village Water User Service Committees strengthened for construction oversight and maintenance scheme,  Temporary learning centers and schools served with the promotion of menstrual hygiene Figure 2: WRA Program Introduction meeting to D-WASH-CC at Dolakha District
SEBAC Nepal Annual Report 2015 2. Food and Cash for Work and Training Activities under EMOP Phase III
 Project Area
 Project VDC
 Duration
: September, 2015April, 2016
 Supporting Partner
 Targeted HHs
 Benefi ciary Population :160,341 People
Introduction and Objective
e earthquakes of April 25th and May 12th, 2015, along with hundreds of subsequent aft ershocks, have resulted in an immense loss of lives and property in Nepal. Th ere is signifi cant food and economic insecurity in many parts of the country because of this. Out of the numerous districts aff ected, one of the hardest hit is Sindhupalchowk district. As such, the Food and Cash for Work and Training program was implemented as a means to provide relief to those most aff ected by the earthquake in this district. Th e project aims to provide relief to the 38 most vulnerable Village Development Committees (VDCs) in Sindhupalchowk district. Benefi ciaries receive food or cash upon completion of 40 days of work or training. Th e work and training schemes aim to restore and rehabilitate community assets, as well as improve local livelihoods. Out of the total 38 VDCs, 21 have received cash for work/training while the remaining 17 received food for work/training. Th e main objectives of the project are to: Ensure aff ected households receive vital assistance in the form of food and cash,Improve households' purchasing power with conditional cash transfers,Treat moderate acute malnutrition and prevent severe acute malnutrition in children,Support restoration of livelihoods and rehabilitation of critical assets.
 Emergency relief through food security across 17 VDCs. As of December 31st, 2015, a total of 1375 metric tons of food (rise and pulse) has been distributed to 12,628 households.
 Emergency relief through fi nancial security across 21 VDCs. As of December 31st, 2015, a total of NPR 119,817,000 has been distributed to 17,625 households. Rehabilitation of 374km of rural roads and 1068km of foot trails, resulting in easier access between VDCs and market Figure 3: Temporary health post under
construction in Marming VDC, Sindhupalchok

 Rehabilitation of community assets, including buildings (schools, community buildings, temples, etc.), drinking water supply, irrigation facilities (covering 440 hectares) and micro hydro power.
 Training targeted communities in improving local livelihoods (cultural conservation, kitchen garden and poultry farming, bamboo basket/mat weaving, sanitation and hygiene).
SEBAC Nepal Annual Report 2015 Major learning and challenges
Assistance through relief was required in all participating VDCs and to witness the rehabilitation work, and the way in which the community received entitlements, was extremely rewarding. Many community members expressed the wish to have the project extended; this implies that such programs involve working for relief is welcomed by communities in vulnerable regions.
e economic blockade of the country and the fuel shortage resulted in a delayed distribution ere was some technical diffi culty where participants registered during implementation were not found in the system during distribution, therefore in some cases, banks were unable to release cash on the day of planned distribution.
Okhereni to Chilaune rural road rehabilitation in Phulpingkot VDC
As a result of the earthquake in April, landslides were induced in many parts of the district. Th monsoon rains, which came right aft er the earthquakes, intensifi ed the landslide damage along rural roads in various areas. One such road that was aff ected was the Okhereni to Chilaune vehicle road in Phulpingkot VDC. Th e length of the landslide was about 80m, and the height was also between ere were not only soil deposits here, but also large rocks and boulders made the situation worse. A total of 255 community members participated in clearing the debris and rehabilitating and reconstructing this road.
Aft er rehabilitation
Community members from Phulpingkot VDC worked together for 13 days to clear the landslides and reconstruct the Okhereni-Chilaune road. Th is road was rehabilitated and open for full use by the festival season (Dashain/Tihar) in around October/November. Benefi ciaries wished that this program to be prolonged or reinstated in the future, stating that everybody would have employment opportunities, and both females and males would work equally in harmony.
SEBAC Nepal Annual Report 2015 3. Safe-WASH II
 Project Area
: Kailali, Kanchanpur, Darchula and Achham Districts
 Project VDC
: Kailali (5 municipalities and 12 VDCs); Kanchanpur(4
municipalities and 7 VDCs); Darchula(1 municipality and 16  Duration
: July, 2014 – June, 2019
 Supporting Partner
 Targeted HHs
 Benefi ciary Population : 442,409 People
Introduction and Objective
Safe-WASH II is a 5-year project designed to improve sanitation and hygiene behavior, enhance access to and quality of drinking water, and improve local governance and maintenance of WASH facilities. Th e goal of Safe-WASH II is to contribute to the well-being of rural communities in the far-western region of Nepal through improved water, sanitation and hygiene practices, and also create a model for other remote districts. Similarly, the objective of the project is to improve equitable access and effi use of safe drinking water resources, reduce harmful WASH related practices and improve sanitation and hygiene behaviors in Darchula, Achham, Kailali and Kanchanpur districts.
Figure 4: ODF declaration ceremony in Narayanpur VDC,
Figure 5: Celebrating World Toilet Day inKanchanpur
 A total of 11 VDCs in Darchula, 3 in Kanchanpur and 2 in Kailali have been declared ODF till March 2016.
 A total of 4 events (1 each in Darchula and Kanchanpur and 2 events in Kailali) of training to local masons was organized with participation of 88 local masons (75 male and 13 female).
 Diff erent WASH related days were celebrated under the Safe-WASH II (Hand washing day, World Toilet day), as well as 16 days of campaign against Women Violence, and Sanitation Week in diff erent VDCs of Kailali and Kanchanpur.
 Two hand pumps each were installed in Jana Jyoti Lower Secondary School and Janaki Kanya Higher Secondary School in Kanchanpur.
 A total of 80 poor families was supported through the construction of HH toilets (25 in Darchula and 55 SEBAC Nepal Annual Report 2015 Major learning and challenges
 It is necessary to establish a reward and a reorganized system to ODF-declared VDCs in the districts, which may create healthy competition among VDCs for the construction and use of household as well as institutional toilets.  Th e massive mobilization of mass media and journalists in the sanitation campaign has been very supportive in disseminating information to the general public that may create very positive notions towards rapid coverage of HH toilet construction and hygiene behavior improvements.
e participation and commitment of political parties, D-WASH-CC members and other district level stakeholders to monitor and verify progress on ODF campaign in the VDC is always very helpful for promotion of the campaign in other VDCs as well.
 Due the economic blockade, Safe-WASH II Figure 6: Chief of Party, Mr. BB Th apa sharing his views
activities could not be implemented at the fi eld during ODF declaration ceremony in Janakinagar VDC,
level between August 2015 and November 2015. Kailali
e fi eld movements were restricted as well.
 Due to the heavy rainfall in low land areas (areas in Ratanpur, Chuwalamki VDCs), the toilets that were under construction were aff ected. Ratanpur VDC that was on the verge of ODF was pulled backwards due to the damage.
Desire and determination help to build toilet without subsidy
Parbati Sarki is a widow who lives in Ward 7 of Kharkada VDC, Darchula, with her four children. She is one of those women who not only contribute their time to household activities, but also to social work and development of their communities. She is helpful, independent and friendly. Although she is illiterate, she played a vital role in the process of making her VDC ODF. She is always ready in contributing her time and eff ort to social work. Despite being a widow and the only adult in her family, she built the toilet herself. She did all the manual work like carrying stones and other materials needed to build her toilet herself. She explained that if she did not build the toilet she could be barred from facilities such as scholarships for her children at schools, and other provisions and incentives from health facilities and the ward.
Men oft en do most of the manual work such as carrying heavy loads, digging holes and construction work, but Parbati has proven that even women can do such tasks. She has encouraged and helped other women who do not have male family members to construct their toilets as well. She has contributed immensely in making Kharkada VDC, Darchula ODF and so she was also recognized during the ODF ceremony for her continuous eff ort in the community. Parbati Sarki SEBAC Nepal Annual Report 2015 4. Rural Access Programme (RAP) III
 Project Area
 Project VDC
 Duration : December, 2013 – March, 2016
 Supporting Partner
: Practical Action Nepal, DFID  Targeted HHs
 Benefi ciary Population
Introduction and Objective
e RAP III project has been launched in 5 core VDCs of two road corridors, i.e.
Timilsain-Ramaroshancorridor (Ramaroshan, Shantada and Batulasain VDCs) andKamalbazar-Jungleghatcorridor (Toshi and Dhamali VDCs). Th e RAP III Social and Economic Development (SED) component contributes to preparing poor communities living in the zone of infl uence of roads, to reap economic opportunities by improving their production, market linkage and access to services. Th e main objectives of the project are to:  Improve income and resilience of poor people.
 Improve economic security of poor people through participatory market system development.
 Create employment for the poor and disadvantaged.
 Improve access to economic opportunities through training, income generation activities, building economic infrastructure and development of the private sector.
 Conducted 15 Farmers Field School (FFS) for beginner and basic groups; Farmers Business School (FBS) for semi commercial on vegetables, spices and goats (1 FFS formed for 2 groups and 1 FBS for single group).
 Six fodder nurseries established, and revolving fund mobilized in 4 groups.
 Formed Corridor Level Network (CLN) and Market Management Committee (MMC) in both corridors; conducted and initiated a Participatory Market System Development (PMSD) activities (haat bazaar, interaction, monitoring) in the corridors.
 Regular updating of the Participatory Market Mapping (PMM) and regular consultation with the corridor and group, as well as regular interaction, coaching and monitoring of Business Service Providers (BSPs).  Mobilization of BSPs in the corridors for quality service delivery, business volume and market vibration; development of technical service providers and linking them with district level contractors, and mobilization of local fi nancial Figure 7: Irrigation pond, Ramaroshan VDC, Achham
cooperatives to remote areas.
SEBAC Nepal Annual Report 2015  Establishment of knowledge node and Byawasyayik Chautari through FM radio; establishment of collection system at strategic points in the corridors.
 Nine irrigation schemes constructed, out of which one is MUS and rest are ponds; 3 rustic store buildings (capacity of 5 Mt) constructed for the preservation of potato seed; one processing plant (masala udhyog) established and supported at Mujabagar.
 Provided support for 21 commercial goat farms; established and promoted 4 agro-vets at the corridor level; supported 9 boer buck to commercial goat farmers, and artifi cial insemination done at the Mujabagar Goat Resource Centre for improving the breed.
Major learning and challenges
 Support through BSPs to benefi ciaries is more sustainable and eff ective than direct support by the
 It is better to invest in the production of less perishable vegetable crops on the basis of competitive and comparative advantage, due to seasonal access of transportation and low awareness in the marketing and commercialization of farmers.
 Coordination, cooperation and rapport building among market actors help to develop the market  Problem of production in volume and commercialization appeared due to inadequate information about BSPs and their services, as well as lack of knowledge of advanced technologies.
 Ownership and sustainability of any activity will be ensured if support is provided on a cost- sharing basis to benefi ciaries.
A positive change in the life of Prayag raj Neupane
Mr. PrayagrajNeupane, aged 40, is a permanentresident of Batulasain VDC, and had noprofessional experience in the agriculture andbusiness sector. Aft er training as a Junior Techni-cal Assistant (JTA), he got engaged in goat farm-ing through transhumance pastoral system in hislocality. Due to low income, survival was on a hand to mouth basis, and although he want-ed to become an entrepreneur, his low self-con-fi dence and lack of business skills held him back. Aft er the RAP/SED project was launched Prayagraj Neupane in his agro-vet
in Timalsain – Ramaroshan Corridor, Mr. Neupane participated in the PMSD training and prepared a business plan to establish an agro-vet in his locality. Th e project supported him through a 50% subsidy for the initial establishment of the agro-vet. He was then mobilized as alocal resource person to help local producers and promote his business to introduce himself as aservice provider to the community.
Mr. Neupane is now engaged in providing input to meet the demand in his community, as well as in neighboring communities. He is trading diff erent agro inputs (veterinary medicines, seeds, equipment) and providing services, through the technical guidance of the project. His monthly income amounts to around NPR 15000-20000, and he services about1000 households directly and indirectly. He is also providing technical guidance and input to other community members, and is very happy with his income and grateful to the RAP project for changing his life and identity in the community.
SEBAC Nepal Annual Report 2015 5. Household Economy Security Program (HESP)
 Project Area
 Project VDC
 Duration : July 2008 June 2016
 Supporting Partner
: Plan International Nepal  Targeted HHs
 Benefi ciary Population
Introduction and Objective
HESP works with poor children, families and sponsored children's families to build income and assets, helping them to become more resilient to cope with diffi cult economic situations. In addition, it also helps young people to acquire the skills they need to secure a livelihood, so that they can support their families and break the intergenerational cycle of poverty. Under this project, the organization launched an income generation related activities such as agro forestry, lease block farming, and support to rehabilitate community fi shponds, youth development, women cooperative institutional development, and skill training. Th e main objective of the program is to help poor and marginalized households achieve suffi cient economic security. Specifi c objectives are:  To promote household economic security of landless, very poor and marginalized families in project areas through their access to natural resources and off -farm schemes.
 To promote the commercialization of agro-based enterprises as per comparative and competitive  To increase the outreach of fi nancial services to unreached families in existing VDCs focusing on very poor and marginalized families  A total of 59 households from target groups was organized into 5 agro forestry blocks; 57 households into 6 vegetable lease blocks, and supported by the input of seeds, fertilizer, andbio-pesticides.
 Two agriculture cooperatives were supported to empower women, Dalit, janajati, and marginalized families through the access of micro fi nance services. A total of 299 households benefi ted from agriculture cooperatives.
Figure 8: Benefi ciary working at hisvegetable
Five women's saving and credit cooperatives farm, Sunsari District
wereregistered and supported with furniture, offi rent, and mobilization costs to ensure the institutional development of the cooperatives. A total of 301households benefi ted from these cooperatives through access to micro fi nance services.
 Training on bookkeeping was provided to 12 executive members of the women's cooperatives.
 One community fi shpond was supported with rehabilitation costs, fi ngerlings, fi sh food and irteen households benefi ted from this scheme.
SEBAC Nepal Annual Report 2015  A total of 10 male and 47 female community members were supported with vocational training under diff erent categories.
Major learning and challenges
 It is important to coordinate with government line agencies to build the synergy for eff ective implementation of the project and ensure the sustainability of the project. Coordination with other like-minded civil society organizations will also support in securing overall responsibility of project activities.
 Similarly, conducting social audits at the beginning and at the end of the fi scal year ensures the transparency of the project, which ultimately reduces the confl ict in the community and makes community people feel ownership towards the project.
 Moreover, conducting the planning exercise at community level in the beginning of the fi scal year ensures the ownership of the project by the right holder, which ultimately helps in the success of the project.
 Presence of microfi nance (MFs) in the community creates hindrances to motivate the community people to be affi liated with the women's cooperatives as the MFs also form these groups and provide loans as per the demand of the community people.
Stepping towards income generation…
Nirmala Chaudhary aged 31, lives in Ward #1
in Simariya VDC of Sunsari. Th
of 6 members in her household. Her family islandless and her husband has been compelled to work as a daily laborer to meet the daily needs of their lives. Th e prevailing poverty and dependency on the whole family on herhusband's irregular daily wages was making the family's livelihood situation worse. Sheremembers, "I was passing my days blaming my fate of being poor and moving on with regularhousehold chores. Joy and happiness haddisappeared from my life." She adds, "I cannot express how much I was hurt, but I consoled Mrs. Chaudhary at work
myself and coped with the situation."However, aft er being introduced to the HESP, things have taken a positive turn for Nirmala and her family. With a smile on her face, she says, "it was just like a ray of hope for me. I got selected for the dressmaker training in 2069 B.S." She continues, "I received a three month long basic training for tailoring along with training costs and training materials. Upon completion of the training the organization also supported me with a sewing machine, scissors, a table, and an iron. Now I am running my own business in my village". She is now able to support her family and her son's education, which encourages her to have a positive attitude towards life.
SEBAC Nepal Annual Report 2015 6. Community Irrigation Project (CIP)
 Project Area
: 12 Districts of Mid/Far West Region
 Duration
: July 2012 - February 2017.
 Supporting Partner
: Asian Development Bank/DOLIDAR
 Targeted HHs
: 1,77,800
 Benefi ciary Population : 9,77,900 People
Introduction and Objective
e Community Irrigation Project (CIP) is the fi rst major Government intervention in small Farmer Managed Irrigation Systems (FMIS) (less than 25 ha in the hills and 200 ha in the Terai). Small Farmer Managed Irrigation Systems emerged through the initiative of irrigation communities with hard work and oft en facing great diffi culties. Acknowledging the severity of the situation, the Government of Nepal with the grant assistance of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) decided to implement the Community Irrigation Project, which will develop or improve small-scale irrigation systems in 12 districts in Nepal through a community driven process targeted to the poor farmers and other disadvantaged groups. Th e participating districts were selected based on high poverty, food insecurity and irrigation potential, and include Kanchanpur, Kailali, Dang, Kapilvastu in the Terai plains, Doti, Salyan, Rukum, Rolpa, Pyuthan in the hills, and Bajhang, Jumla, Mugu in the mountains. Th e project will provide support to rehabilitate and build new surface water irrigation schemes and to develop groundwater irrigation through shallow tube wells (STW). It will also facilitate access to microfi nance support and provide agriculture extension services and capacity building of DOLIDAR, DTO and WUA.
e objective of CIP is to enhance farm incomes
and reduce poverty
through the development
or improvement of small
scale irrigation systems
in selected Terai and hill
districts, with a focus
on locations where the
poor and disadvantaged
social groups are a
high proportion of the Figure 9: Inspection of under construction Irrigation
population and will Figure 10: Irrigation Cannal in Masuriya VDC of
Cannal in Kamala Nadi, Sahajpur, Kailali District
particularly benefi t from project interventions.
CIP covers the development of selected surface irrigation sub-projects located in 12 districts (4 districts in the Terai plains, 5 districts in the hills, and 3 districts in the mountains). CIP also includes Groundwater subprojects (STWs in 40 ha Clusters) in 4 Terai districts Impact, Outcome and Outputs
e expected impact of the project is to increase agricultural income of rural poor and socially-disadvantaged groups in Nepal. Th e project will contribute to Nepal's goal of increasing agriculture GDP per capita and the area under irrigation.
e project has three expected outputs: (i) WUAs effi ciently manage improved irrigation infrastructure; (ii) Participating farmers apply improved agriculture practices and have access to micro-fi nance; and (iii) Government capacity to plan and coordinate small-scale irrigation projects is enhanced.
Project Implementation Plan and Progress
According to the revised implementation plan, the targeted command area of the project will cover 17,000 ha (4,000 ha in hills and mountains, and 13,000 ha in Terai) of improved and new irrigated area.
SEBAC Nepal Annual Report 2015 7. Open Defecation Free (Dolakha)
 Project Area
 Project VDC
: 37 VDCs and 2 municipalities  Duration
: April, 2014 March, 2015
 Supporting Partner
: Global Sanitation Fund, UN-Habitat, Community Development Forum (CDF) Nepal  Targeted HHs
 Benefi ciary Population : 1,51,681 People
Introduction and Objective
Supporting the sanitation campaign of the Government of Nepal to declare the nation as Open Defecation Free by 2017A.D., and improve the sanitation condition of the people, SEBAC-Nepal has implemented ODFP in Dolakha.Th e overall objective of the project is to support the government's initiatives to executive ODF campaign in Dolakha district through sector coordination and capacity development. Specifi c objectives are to: Support capacity building of the D-WASH-CC, M-WASH-CC, V-WASH-CC, W-WASH-CC, S-WASH-CC and other key stakeholders in the district and program VDCs.
 Support in the formulation of district and VDC level Sanitation and Hygiene Strategic Plan, including the Plan of Action.
 Facilitate in bringing behavioral change in schools and communities in regards to hand washing with soap, sustainable use of the toilet, and adoption of proper hygiene behavior.
 Support in strengthening the district and VDC level monitoring mechanism and knowledge management system.
 Supported sanitation movement of the district and achieved 99.3% of sanitation access with behavior change.  33 VDCs have been declared ODF zone; and 11 wards of Bhimeshwor Municipality have been declared ODF zone. Pre ODF matching fund of NPR 140,250 each was established with 39 VDCs.
 To mobilize child clubs, matching fund of NPR 7,500each has been established in 114 schools of program VDCs.  Hoarding boards with sanitation related information has been placed in 14 strategic locations of the district.  Child clubs have been formed in 165 schools, Figure 11: Open Defecation Free Zone declaration
ceremony of Jhule VDC, Dolakha.
and orientation on the role of child clubs in fostering sanitation movement in the community has been provided.  Sanitation and hygiene promotional messages were provided to 2931 people through community triggering sessions. SEBAC Nepal Annual Report 2015  V/M-WASH-CC of all program VDCs and municipalities were capacitated and sanitation movement was initiated with the active leadership of V/M-WASH-CC.  Th e WASH Resource Centre was established at WSSDO, Charikot and equipment necessary for the functioning of the center were provided to the WSSDO.  800 squatting toilet pan sets were distributed to temporary camps in diff erent VDCs and around Charikot bazaar in close coordination with WSSDO.  Tamchet Dudhpokhari VDC was able to construct 328 toilets in 45 days and obtain ODF status.
Major learning and challenges
 To achieve quality performance from the program team, special attention should be given for
capacity building of staff members.
 It is challenging to perform effi ciently as per the CA when the district has a diff erent goal than the  If all stakeholders commit and work together, it is possible to bring positive change within a short span of time.
 It is challenging for VDC secretaries who are responsible for more than one VDC to devote full attention and active participation in every VDC as the chairperson of V-WASH-CC.  As this campaign is being conducted in zero subsidy approach it is challenging to achieve the target within targeted time frame without providing subsidy to the ultra poor family.
 In some VDCs due to heavy subsidy provided by diff erent organizations in past it is diffi cult to convince people to construct toilet and use it in zero subsidy approach.
 Although VDCs obtain ODF status, this is diffi cult to maintain until widespread and permanent behavioral change is brought about among communities.
 Review of program activities and budget as per the need of the district should be done as it is moving forward rapidly in the sanitation movement to achieve ODF declaration. Goat rearing leads to toilet construction
Resident of Gairimudi VDC, Patali Tamang, hasrecently started selling her goats to improve her household livelihood. She was encouraged by the ODFP implemented district-wide to create atoilet on her property. She states "Everybody startedconstructing toilets on their property, but I did not have themoney to do so. Th erefore, I started selling my goats to make this toilet." She is a widow and mother of two boys and three girls. Recently she lost her eldest, and the family's burden has fallen on her shoulders more than ever. Her economic condition is very poor, and she gets by Patali Tamang in front of her newly
with the little she earns through daily labor. Even in such a situation, she did not lose hope and motivated herself to construct the household toilet by herself, establishing herself as an able and a praiseworthy member of the community. Mrs. Tamang received a certifi cate of recognition from her community for her relentless eff orts in improving the health and sanitation condition of her household.
SEBAC Nepal Annual Report 2015 8. Poverty Alleviation Program
 Project Area
 Project VDC
 Duration : April, 2006 – July, 2016
 Supporting Partner
: Poverty Alleviation Fund (PAF)  Targeted HHs
 Benefi ciary Population
Introduction and Objective
e poverty alleviation interventions were implemented to target communities through the process of social mobilization. Local communities identifi ed relevant programme activities during discussions and meetings with project members. Th e following areas were identifi ed as targets:  Social mobilization and empowerment Physical Infrastructure  Capacity building Income generation and Micro enterprise development On the basis of these, community organizations (CO) were formed in the target communities. Th members then identifi ed their needs, and reviewed them at regular meetings. Th e main object of this program is to work towards alleviating poverty in target VDCs. Specifi c objectives are to:  Reduce poverty in program VDCs by 10 percent over the period of 20 years in accordance to Government of Nepal's development goal.
 Reduce poverty in program VDCs by 50 percent in accordance with the millennium development  Social mobilization has been achieved through the formation of 112 COs, with a total of 3504 female and 96 male members. Out of this, 1483 come from Dalit households.
 Leadership development, bookkeeping training, dressmaking and literacy classes were also conducted for CO executive members.
 To enhance the capacity of CO members, co-operative development training and entrepreneurship training was also provided to the members.
 A revolving fund of NPR 29,204,429 was provided to 2124 CO members, in order to support income generation activities like livestock rearing, improved agriculture, and formation of retail shops. Additional 1476 community members benefi tted from these activities, and currently the COs have saved NPR 1,711,440 under the saving and credit mobilization scheme.
 Due to the isolated nature of the project VDCs, and lack of infrastructure development in the region, even small investments and services can have a signifi cant impact on poor communities. A total of 21 community infrastructure projects have been proposed, out of which 7 have been implemented (5 water supplies, 1 irrigation pond, 1 micro hydro). SEBAC Nepal Annual Report 2015 Perseverance leads to success
Naru Khadka lives in Ward 1 of Duni
VDC in Achham, and is a member of the
Khaparmandu Community Group. Th
total of 7 family members in her household, four female and three male. It was diffi her family to sustain themselves for even three months of the year. A few years ago, with the help of the project, she was able to start a goat farming business by applying and receiving for a NPR 21,000 loan from the revolving community fund. With this money, she initially bought 5 goats, and she was able to build pens to house up to 12 goats with the profi t she earned from selling the goats. To date, she has sold more than 8 goats and has been able to pay off her loan, including interest, for the community. Furthermore, Naru Khadka has earned enough money to even pay tax on the one ropani of land she uses for farming. Th e Poverty Alleviation Program has helped families like Naru's begin to step out of poor fi nancial situations, for example, by providing opportunities to invest in new businesses, or train households on improved farming techniques.
SEBAC Nepal Annual Report 2015 9. POSAN-FS
 Project Area
: Doti and Achham  Project VDC
: 5 VDCs in Doti and 5 VDCs in Achham  Duration : April, 2014 – March, 2017
 Supporting Partner
: Practical Action and Co-funded by EU  Targeted HHs
 Benefi ciary Population
Introduction and Objective
POSAN-FS is operational in 4 districts of the far-western region of Nepal. It is a three-year project, and while Practical Action is the lead on the project, it is working with SEBAC-Nepal for fi eld-level implementation in Doti and Achham. Major objectives of the project are:  To increase production volume of goat, vegetable, and spice crops by 100% from baseline through higher productivity (50% contribution) and scaling up of production (50%).
 To increase the income of participating target groups by 100% through increased production and increased access to markets.
 To reduce malnutrition eff ects (underweight, stunting, wasting), of children below 3 years of age in target groups by 50%.
 To curb under the nutrition of women and improve BMI by 50% in target groups.
 A total of 133 demonstrations of improved production technology benefi ted 3104 households, and 1551 HHs has taken advantage of LRP mobile training. Demonstration of irrigation technology, provi-sion of livestock insurance services, homestead gardening training, high-nutrition, crop selec-tion, training and awareness programs on food security and nutrition are some of the key activi-ties achieved under this project.
 Additionally, agro-vets and vet shops, cluster- based collection centers and satellite point development have also been established in both districts.
Figure 12: Drip Irrigation at Pachnali VDC in Doti District
 Technical assistance has been provided to local schools to initiate nutrition awareness programs.
 CFUG/Farmers' groups have also been given support to establish community pastureland, and have been trained on fodder and forage nursery management. Twelve nurseries have been established across the project area.
 A total of 218 technical training sessions was conducted on improved production practices (goat, vegetable and spices), the results of which benefi ted 2494 farmers in Doti and Achham.
SEBAC Nepal Annual Report 2015 Major learning and challenges
Goat insurance is not suffi cient; therefore coor- dination with Agriculture Development Bank isrequired for timely concern.
 Lack of seed and improved technology, among other services, is an issue at local level agro-vets.  Only crops such as paddy and wheat are readily available for farmers at local level, and system is not in place for production of vegetables and spices.
 Production land is not suffi cient for the poor households, so commercialization is not feasible.
Figure 13: Improved goat shed at Pachnali, Doti
 Th ere are problems creating adequate volume; and there is also political infl uence at local-level Commercial farming adopted by LRP
Mrs. Kamala Joshi, aged 32, is an LRP of Ganjra VDC in Achhamdistrict, and is affi liated with the Srijana Farmer Group in Ganjra. Her entire family depends on sustenance farming and production from the few cattle that they own. She has 10 ropani of land, out of which 8 has access to irrigation, and 2 does not. Mrs. Joshi did not have technical knowledge on sustainable vegetable farming, so she joined the LRPs train-ing. She has gained an understanding of improved tech-nologies for vegetable farming that she was able to adapt.
Examples include plastic tunnel, pesticide use, wastewater man-agement, compost pit management and improved seed use. Th POSAN-FS project provided agricultural inputs such as seed,
Jari, sprinkler, fertilizer, and pesticide, twice in a year. By the
end of the training, she was fully able to utilize her improved
knowledge to grow vegetables on her piece of land that did not
have access to irrigation. Additionally, the project also provided Mrs. Joshi in her vegetable garden
a drip irrigation system, which she has purchased for use on her vegetables. She was involved inlarge-scale vegetable farming for one year, and was able to secure a good profi t. Some of her products included tomatoes, cabbage, caulifl ower, and beans, which she sold at local markets. Her total earnings amounted to about NRS 78500.00 in that year, and this contributed to securing a good education for her daughter, and also added to her household's economic security.
SEBAC Nepal Annual Report 2015 10. Trail Bridge Program
 Project Area
: 17 districts (Darchula, Baitadi, Dadeldhura, Kanchanpur, Bajhang, Bajura, Doti, Achham, Kailali, Dailekh, Surkhet, Jajarkot, Rukum, Rolpa, Salyan, Pyuthan, Dang) of Mid and Far Western Cluster  Project VDC
: All feasible VDCs  Duration : December, 2014 July, 2019
 Supporting Partner
: Trail Bridge Support Unit/HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation, Nepal  Targeted HHs
 Benefi ciary Population
: 8,92,500 People Introduction and Objective
Across Nepal, there are many villages and settlements that are inaccessible by road, and foot trails are one of the most important means of transportation among people living in remote areas. Th Government of Nepal has been implementing Trail Bridge Sub-Sector Programme (TBSSP) under Figure 15: Trial bridge in Sarawatinagar VDC of Doti District
Figure 16: Trial bridge over Dhandkhola in Dailekh District
the Sector Wide Approach from 2014 in all districts of Nepal, in order to support the construction of trail bridges for safer and improved river crossing. Th e main objective of the TBSSP is to contribute towards poverty alleviation through improvement of access for local people (particularly women, Dalits, disadvantaged and underprivileged groups) to social and basic services, economic resources and opportunities by availing river crossing facilities. Specifi c objectives include: Construction and maintenance of trail bridges for safer and improved river crossing.
 Increase knowledge and skill of local bodies and local communities (including NGOs and private sector) to implement trail bridge program.
 Creation of local employment, and improved access to markets and new business enterprises.
 Enhance access to educational and health services. SEBAC Nepal Annual Report 2015 Achievements
 Construction of 67 new trail bridges, major maintenance of 50 trail bridges, and routine maintenance of
990 trail bridges.
 Routine maintenance training and demonstration model bridge training provided to 155 and 128 community members, respectively.
 Total of 181,105 person days of employment generated among which 63% of jobs were generated for marginalized groups, and 33% for women.  On average, 43% women representation in users committees; representation of discriminated castes in 67% of user committees; and executive positions (at least one) held by marginalized groups in 100% of user committees.
 22% increment in school attendance and 32% increment in people going to health facilities; and markets developed at 39% of trail bridge sites.
Major learning and challenges
 TBSU/HELVETAS staff members are working with SEBAC Nepal for capacity building to ensure the smooth
transitioning of roles and responsibilities. SEBAC Nepal staff s have taken the lead in providing technical assistance for new Short Span Trail Bridge (SSTB) implementation, however, coaching and backstopping from a TBSU / HELVETAS team will still be required.  As a result of this project, new demands are rising from local communities and DDCs are taking note of new locations for potential bridges.
 Th e transitioning of roles and responsibilities at the regional level in SEBAC Nepal has been encouraging. In regards to this, high turnover of staff has required frequent capacity building.
Success Story
Mr. Pyarilal – Dearest to Nyuna
Nyuna village lies in Kanda VDC, in a remote area of Bajhang district. Due to transportation problems, the price of food is more than three times in Nyuna as compared to the Terai plains. Th e trail bridge program was implemented here, and Mr. Pyarilal Jethara was appointed lead mason.
Immediately aft er taking on the responsibility, Mr. Pyarilal focused not only on the construction, but also on raising social awareness in thecommunity. Initially, he faced diffi culties in collecting, preparing and transporting construction materials. "At that time, the villagers were hesi-tant to do menial work. But I carried steel decks and cross beams by myself on my back. Aft erwards, local women stepped up to support me, " he recalls.
However, Mr. Pyarilal managed to mobilize the community and get the bridge constructed within 6 months. He claims, "I mobilized the village to construct the trail bridge to fulfi ll my social responsibility. I am very happy and proud of it". Like his name Pyarilal, ('pyari' means ‘dear'), he has become dearest to the villagers of Nyuna.
Since then Mr. Pyarilal has worked as a skilled human resource person on the construction of 6 Short Span Trail Bridges (SSTBs) in the district. He is also very enthusiastic to take on the responsibility of constructing more trail bridges in other villages. According to Mr. Lal Bahadur Th apa, a DDC engineer, "Th e DDC has planned to use Mr. Pyarilal as a skilled human resource person in constructing trail bridges in other remote villages of the dis-trict where there are problems of fi nding skilled and non-skilled masons and places where it is diffi cult to construct trail bridges". (Source: Annual Report on Outcomes 2014/15, published by TBSU/HELVETAS Swiss Inter cooperation, Nepal) SEBAC Nepal Annual Report 2015 11. Suaahara
 Project Area
 Project VDC
: 56 VDCs and 3 municipalities  Duration : July, 2014 – March, 2016
 Supporting Partner
: USAID, Save the Children and Helen Keller International NTAG, NEWAH and JHUCCP  Targeted HHs
: 48,323 households  Benefi ciary Population
: 6085 (5143 -1000 days mother,375 VMF & 567 FCHV) Introduction and Objective
Suaahara program is based on a multi-sector intervention approach that directly addresses the communities' maternal, infant and young child nutrition and childcare practices. Th e main objective of the program is to help communities adopt essential care and feeding practices at household and community level to improve and sustain the nutritional status of women and children under two years of age.
 Improved health and nutritional behaviors among o Eight 2-day community-level preparatory workshops were conducted with a total of 167 participants; 5 days' worth of community level training was provided on nutrition and social behavior change to 1000-day mothers, mothers' groups, family members, as well as FCHVs (1143 total participants).
o Ward level interactions were held over the course of 2 days with 1000-day mothers and key family members (28,869 total participants). Th e purpose of these sessions was to impart Figure 17: Glimpses of Binayak vdc total sanitation
knowledge on improved nutritional behavior, Strategy plan Bimochan by Nepal government
physical and mental status of mothers and Honorable Deputy Prime Minister & Defense Minister
children less than 2 years of age. Th
of GoN Bhim Rawal.
7000 male, and over 21,000 female participants. Over 2136 events, 31718 people participated in food demonstration sessions; and nutrition and hand washing corners have been established in 75 health facilities.
o Celebration of key life events was held to acknowledge mothers and promote healthy preand postnatal behaviors. A total of 913 events were held where 5698 people participated, out of which 320 were DAG families.
o World Water Day was celebrated in 3 VDCs (170 participants); Sanitation Week was celebrated in 3 VDCs and one municipality (204 participants);Global Hand Washing Day was celebrated in 74 VDCs (3968 participants); Egg Day celebration was held in 41 VDCs (1493 participants).
o Promoted regular D-WASH-CC and V-WASH-CC review and planning meetings.
o Social mobilization was promoted over BhanchhinAamaradio program to facilitate regular CAC sessions on behaviors. Th is was done over 2 events with 58participants.
o Successfully completed 2 days of orientation to child clubs on clean school and clean house promotion in 4 VDCs over 5 events, with a total of 149 child participants.
SEBAC Nepal Annual Report 2015  Women's and children's increase in use of quality nutrition and health services o Completed community level interaction with community leaders, teachers, traditional healers, and infl uential people, to strengthen ORC service utilization in 15 VDCs over 50 events. A total of 2118 people participated.
o Successfully completed 15 two-day orientations to low performing HFOMC/PHC ORC management committee members to strengthen FP/MCH, nutrition services and growth monitoring services (500 overall participants).
 Increased consumption of diverse and nutritious food by women and children o Poultry has been distributed to a total of 5822 households, including 1000-day mothers, FCHV and VMF. A sum total of 29,110 chickens were distributed.
o Two events of HFP D-TOT and 251 HFP rollout-training sessions were conducted with 23 FS and 5695 participants, respectively.
o 3208 rainy season and 5799 winter season participants benefi ted from increased access to nutrient- rich and fortifi ed foods, seeds, and training on improved planting and cultivation techniques.
o Twenty-nine HFPB groups have been registered at DADO & DLSO.
 Social mobilization was enhanced through 186 RELECT sessions (4554 participants) in 15 DAG VDCs; 247 events with WCF and 1000-day mothers (8866 participants) in 15 VDCs; and 35 community facilitation events with 1245 participants.
 Coordination between government and other stakeholders was strengthened through consultative meetings (3653 participants), and formation of Nutrition and Food Security Steering Committees in 62 VDCs/municipalities (total 1670 members).
 A total of 5143 1000-day mothers, 375 VMFs and 567 FCHVs benefi tted from this project.
Major learning and challenges
 It is necessary to coordinate with the government offi ces' line agencies and other multi sector organizations
to maintain synergy in program implementation.
 It would be benefi cial for the district team to participate in all planning meetings with local NGOs.
 Th e meeting halls are inadequate to conduct programs at VDC level.
 Th ere was some diffi culty managing WLI, VMF (facilitation, logistics and hall booking).
 Th ere was also some diffi culty in settling fi nancial matters due to the large volume of staff .
SBCC changes Mrs. Dhauri BK's life in Baidhanath VDC
Following the implementation of the project, many SBCC training sessions were conducted at the community level. Th ere was very little knowledge of health, hygiene and sanitation among the community people. Dhauri BK is a 1000-daymother and has two children (2 year old, and 8 months old). She received counseling on better sanitation behavior, health and hygiene activities through this project.
Mrs. BK was then encouraged to maintain her household toilet bybuilding a proper door and following basic hygiene rules. She took this as an opportunity to improve her wellbeing, and with the help of the project, was motivated to construct a proper door to her toilet. She is now wellinformed about improved health, sanitation and hygiene behaviors and does her best to spread her newly found knowledge.
Mrs. Dhauri BK
SEBAC Nepal Annual Report 2015 12. Self Help Shelter and Sanitation Solutions
 Project Area
 Project VDC
 Duration : October 15, 2015 December 10, 2015
 Supporting Partner
: Plan International Nepal  Targeted HHs
: All HHs of 11 VDCs  Benefi ciary Population
Introduction and Objective
To support sanitation and hygiene promotion activities, SEBAC-Nepal implemented "Assistance for Self Help Shelter and Sanitation Solutions" program in 11 VDCs of Dolakha district with the objective of generating awareness among local people on sanitation and hygiene related behaviors, and to suppress the possibility of the spread of water borne diseases in earthquake aff ected communities. Specifi c objectives of the project are to:  Disseminate sanitation and hygiene behavior change information to a total of 10,800 (80% population of the targeted VDCs) people at the household level.
 Involve and make aware V-WASH-CCs and other WASH stakeholders of sanitation and hygiene promotional events by the end of the project period.
 Eleven inception workshops with V-WASH- CC members were organized in the program VDCs and participants were informed about the concept, goal, objectives, and intended program activities and targets of the project.  Health education was provided to 13332 families through home-to-home visits across all VDCs. Hygiene and sanitation promotion knowledge was given to a total of 21,183 people (Male: 10835 and Figure 18: Hand-washing demonstration in
Female: 10348) through ward level programs.  World Toilet Day 2015 was celebrated in all 11 program VDCs, the total number of attendants amounting to 2794 (students, teachers and community people).  V-WASH-CC has been stimulated and reactivated in all target VDCs.  Exit workshops with V-WASH-CC members were organized in all VDCs at the end of the program, and achievements and output of the program were shared with V-WASH-CC members. SEBAC Nepal Annual Report 2015 Major Learning from the project
 Consultation meeting with VDC level stakeholders, preferably with V-WASH-CC (for the implementation of WASH project), should be organized during the project-design phase so that recommendations from them as per the need of the people of the community can be incorporated into the project.  Th e proper mechanism for the fl ow of information should be developed so that community people are well informed about the project timeline, and support being provided to them.
 Although the project ran for only one and half months, the inception workshops with VDC level stakeholders (V-WASH-CC) organized at each VDC at the beginning of the project, and exit workshops at the end of the project helped to execute program activities in full support and coordination of all stakeholders.  Eight out of the 11 program VDCs were previously declared ODF zones, and the remaining 3 VDCs were also near ODF status; therefore, it is necessary to be focused on reviving ODF status of those VDCs and support the district as a whole to achieve ODF status by 2016 A.D.
 Various levels of support from diff erent agencies for the reconstruction and maintenance of toilets can create challenges to revive the ODF status of VDCs, as community people will seek and depend on more support and may become demotivated to maintain their household toilets by themselves.  Th e Government of Nepal had announced to support (soft loan of NPR1, 500,000 or subsidy of NPR 200,000) disaster aff ected Figure 19: Community Facilitators during home to home visit
communities for reconstruction of damaged houses, including toilets. People are waiting for this to begin, and so it is necessary to encourage people to maintain damaged toilets right now, instead of waiting for the government scheme. An option can also be to have a common toilet among neighbors until individual ones are rehabilitated or constructed.
SEBAC Nepal Annual Report 2015 13. Girl Power Project (GPP)
 Project Area
 Project VDC
 Duration
: April,2013 June,2015
 Supporting Partner
: Plan International Nepal  Targeted
 Benefi ciary Population
: 24,678 People
Introduction and Objective
e components of GPP primarily include agriculture technology transfer and promotion of saving and credit cooperatives together with a provision and support for imparting life-skills and behavioral changes in young women. Th e target groups are exclusively young women aged, preferably, below 25 years. Moreover, GPP performs various activities with young women and adolescent girls as well. Th main objective of the project is ensuring that girls and young women have suffi cient knowledge and skills to shape their own lives. Specifi c objectives are to ensure:  Adolescent girls are better prepared for their future, Young women move towards (improve on) economic empowerment, Gender inequity situation is reduced, Young women's social status and participation increases,Membership based CSOs are established and capacitated. Figure 20: Construction of multi-purpose collection centre at
Figure 21: Bamboo handicraft training support at Dumara,
Srilanka Tappu, Sunsari District
 Total enrolment of about 4487 young women through 162 Self Reliant Groups (SRGs) in fi nancial activities; these groups collected about NPR 4.6 million in the saving fund.  Th e GPP project supported 698 SRG members to begin vegetable farming, with training on improved seeds, fertilizers and bio-pesticides.
SEBAC Nepal Annual Report 2015  A total of 5 events of livestock management training were provided to 122 SRGs members comprising of 2 dalits, 102 janajati, and 18 from other castes.
 36 schemes of micro irrigation was achieved covering 160 households and benefi ting 8 female dalits,42 female janajati and 110 females from other castes; 65 bio-gas plants were installed covering, including 4 dalits, 14 janajati, and 47 from other castes.
 A total of 173 SRGs members was acquainted with business literacy through micro-enterprise  160 SRGs members were given vocational training support, and upon completion of this training, members were further complemented with start-up support for their own businesses.  9 women saving and credit cooperatives (WSCO) have been registered; and 3109 SRGs members have become shareholders of women cooperatives and have access to fi nancial services.
 Management training was organized to support the WSCO executive members (22 total participants; 1 dalit, 9 janajati, and 12 from other castes; bookkeeping training was also provided for 19 executive members comprising of 11 janajatis and 8 from other castes.
 9 events of fund management training provided to 9 WSCO with participation of 173 members comprising of 8 dalits, 88 janajatis, and 77 from other castes; business planning workshops were also organized to produce 3 years' business plan with participation of 233 members comprising of 5 dalits, 115 janajatis, and 113 from other castes.
 Delinquency management training was provided to WSCO executives with participation of 17 members comprising of 1 dalit, 8 janajatis, and 8 from other castes.
 Eight young women's organizations (YWOs) were supported to promote youth related activities, including sports, debate, quiz contests, awareness campaigns on sanitation, gender based violence, and anti-human traffi cking, benefi tting 426 households.
 Strategic planning workshops were conducted to prepare 3 year strategic plan for the YWOs, with active participation of 205 adolescent girls and young (28 dalits, 85 janajati, and 92 from other castes).
 Nine2-day events were held on gender training for SRGs members with active participation of 250 young women (21 Dalits, 118 janajatis, and 111 from other castes).
 Child protection training provided to the YWO members with participation from 3 dalits, 9 janajatis, and 20 from other castes; advocacy training provided to young women organizations with participation from 29 adolescent girls comprising of 3 dalits, 11 janajatis, and 15 from other castes.
 Orientation on institutional development was held for the YWO members with participation from 174 adolescent girls/young women (18 dalits, 74 janajatis, and 82 from other castes).  Multipurpose vegetable collection centre constructed in Srilanka Tappu to serve a total of 322 SRGs member households.
Major learning and challenges
 It is important to coordinate with government line agencies to build the synergy for eff ective
implementation and sustainability of the project and ensure sustainability. Coordination with the other like minded civil society organizations has also supported in taking ownership of project activities.
SEBAC Nepal Annual Report 2015  Planning project activities with the community at the beginning of the fi scal year, and conducting social audit sat the beginning and end of the fi scal year ensures the transparency of the project, which ultimately reduces the confl ict within the community and promotes ownership towards the project.
 It is important to carry out assessment of existing women's cooperatives before registration of new ones to identify the potential of affi liation with SRGs as government is discouraging the registration of more co-operative and emphasizing on strengthening existing cooperatives in the community.
 YWOs faced a bit of a challenge due to lack of suffi cient resources.
 When YWO members stood against child marriage in the community, they had to face threats from community members, in which case the local administration did not step up to address these issues.
 Th e presence of lots of MFs in the communities created hindrance to motivate community people liate with the women's cooperatives.
Dress Maker Training led to Self Employment
Geeta Neupane, 32-year old is a resident of Prakashpur VDC. She was married at the young age of 13, and has one son and one daughter. She only has 3 katha of land and a small house that she shares with her husband. She states, "My husband and I were involved in daily wage labor to support ourselves. We were not satisfi ed with this low income work and had to suff er a lot and tackle several problems like child education, household expenses, and clothing.I had never thought I could ever change my situation". Following the implementation of the GPP, Mrs. Neupane associated with the Shris- GeetaNeupane at her new workstation
ti Woman SRG. She was selected for the micro enterprise training where she was introduced to the dress making business. Th e GPP provided a 3-month basic training to Geeta, and supported through start-up costs and materials (sewing machine, scissors, table, iron).
Initially, she was not confi dent enough to start her tailoring business so she teamed up with another woman who was well trained. However, she has now become comfortable in the business and is earning NPR 6000/month. She adds, "I am affi liated with the Prakashpur Women Multipurpose Cooperative and regularly saving of NPR 100-200 in the cooperative. I don't have to depend on my husband's earning and I have enrolled my children in a government school at Prakashpur. Th e tailoring I began at Prakashpur market has helped me change my life." SEBAC Nepal Annual Report 2015 14. Trachoma Control through WASH Intervention Program
Project Area
Project VDC
: December, 2013 – May, 2015 Supporting Partner
Targeted HHs :
Benefi ciary Population
Introduction and Objective
Trachoma Control through WASH Intervention Program completed two years in three project VDCs
(Beladevipur, Shreepur and Geta), with joint eff ort of government agencies and other stakeholders,
like the eye hospital and the media. Th
is project has been infl uential in improving hygiene, sanitation awareness, and trachoma control in local communities. Th e main objective of the program was to ensure people's access to hygiene, sanitation facilities, and promote hygiene behavior for improving health condition, and control trachoma through awareness programs within the communities. o Strengthened WASH partners' and stakeholders' capacity at district and VDC levels o Conducted introductory seminars at district level with relevant stakeholders, and facilitated six meetings of D-WASH-CC to raise WASH related issues among communities.
o Formed, reformed, and strengthened V-WASH-CCs over three key events, and developed a VDC level strategic plan all three VDCs. o A total of 5 workshops was organized across to Figure 5: Students demonstrating proper hand/Face
review planning, progress and future plans of washing with soap
WASH activities. o SLTS training for school teachers was organized (48 participants from 25 diff erent schools). A total of 29 child clubs (534 overall members, 277 boys, 257 girls) was formed. Child club members were given knowledge about sanitation, hygiene and trachoma prevention, and these groups were involved in spreading the information among their peers and family members.
o Six VDC secretaries and assistants were trained on WASH issues, and mobilized within the communities; 3 events were organized to provide orientation to FCHVs on WASH and trachoma disease (96 participants).
o Disposal pits for menstrual hygiene management were constructed in 30 locations across schools and communities.
o Prevent blinding trachoma by organizing eye screening and treatment camps for TF and TT A total of 40 TT cases was identifi ed and treated by eye specialists.
SEBAC Nepal Annual Report 2015  Awareness programs implemented through this project via school clubs, WWASHCC, V-WASH-CC and DWASHCC have been instrumental in increasing coverage and spreading the importance of personal sanitation and hygiene.
 Regular coordination with relevant stakeholders, WWASHCC, V-WASH-CC, and DWASHCC, school clubs, media, School Management Committees and community people provides impetus in the program implementation, completion and results.
 It was learnt that in the Th aru community, if the elders or the leaders are convinced about the importance of hygiene and sanitation, it is easier to convince the whole community. Th communities usually rely on and trust the leaders and/or elders for decision-making in any activity and initiation of any new ideas and actions.  Th ere were very few TF and TT cases during the outreach trachoma screening and treatment camps. It could be due to heavy mass drug administration (Zithromax) against trachoma in Kailali district during the National Trachoma Project that was implemented for 5 years.  Only cases of recurrent TT or TT resistance cases were found during the camps so new TT cases as targeted could not be found.
 It is still a challenge to sustain ODF status in most of the wards of program VDCs. Th ere is no any public toilet in the road area that might lead to problems of defecation.  Th e operation and maintenance of school toilet are a challenge in most schools in the program VDCs. It is mainly due to the lack of water.
 Th e Chhaupadi system still stands as a big challenge for the development workers, male deny women's access to the toilet during the menstruation period. Sanitary disposal pit promotes regular school attendance
Pushpa Awasthi is a 15-year old student at Siddhababa Secondary School, and president of the Child Club at the school. Siddhababa Child Club plays a vital role in sanitation activities in the school and the WASH project supported the club by providing information about personal hygiene and sanitation and its importance in reducing trachoma transmission. Th e club has been actively involved in sanitation and hygiene activities in the school. During awareness classes, menstrual hygiene and other diff erent adolescent health issues were also discussed. In coordination and support of school man-agement committee, SEBAC constructed sanitary disposal pits in Pushpa's school. Disposal pits thus constructed were attached with latrine and connected with the help of small hole so that girls have easy access to it. Sanitary pads and other rubbish collected are incinerated. Schools do the repair and maintenance work frequently. Aft er the construction of the sanitary disposal pit, it has become easier, hygienic and safer to dispose sanitary products during school hours. Before this, Pushpa did not attend school during her menstrual period since there was no place to dispose the products and no clean toilets. Th us, creation of disposal pits has helped her, along with other girls in her school to attend classes regularly.
SEBAC Nepal Annual Report 2015 15. Hygiene Promotion Program in Dolakha
Project Area
Project VDC
: 18th May to 17th August 2015 Supporting Partner
: Plan Nepal International Targeted HHs
: 8500 HHs / 114 Schools Benefi ciary Population
: 8116 Peoples / 10097 students Introduction and Objectives:
Hygiene Promotion Program was implemented in 16 VDCs of Dolakha with the following objectives- To orient on water kits during water kit distribution.
To distribute MHM kit.
To organize hygiene promotion at ward level.
To organize hygiene promotion at school level.
 About 75% of Aqua tab receivers were using the tablet properly.
 Increased in proper hand washing with soap practices.
 Most of the families (about 85%) had hand washing soap and water near the toilet for hand washing aft er toilet use.
 All schools had managed toilets for students and 90% schools had water and soap for hand  Th ere was no breakout of waterborne diseases like diarrhea, cholera, bloody diarrhea during the project period.
Major Learning and Challenges:
 MHM and water kit were already distributed in some VDCs before launching the Hygiene Promotion Program so it was diffi cult to monitor. Relief packages including food and non food items had to be distributed simultaneously.
 Local community leaders/elite people/social activist neither participated nor took ownership  Variety of materials in the relief package created confl ict among the agency and community people; therefore, packages had to be of the same quantity and quality.
SEBAC Nepal Annual Report 2015


Microsoft word - 3d best practice resource guide-jan. 2007 _final_.doc

Developed by: Toronto Best Practice in LTC Initiative January 2007 This resource guide was developed by a sub-committee of the Toronto Best Practice Implementation Steering Committee: Helen Ferley, Co-Chair Administrator Seniors' Health Centre – North York General Hospital Patty Carnegy, Co-Chair Staff Education Coordinator Toronto Homes for the Aged

Extended brief 2014 vbvb

Yves Klein and Dino Buzzati, the ritual transfer of immateriality, 1962 Intermediate Unit 10 Valentin Bontjes van Beek Hans Hollein, Build up, 1967 PROSPECTUS The dictionary tells us that an addendum has its origins in the seemingly straightforward phrase ‘that which is to be added'. Today it simply conveys the idea of a supplement – a