Gw intang 350.doc

Comment Letter No. 1 Regarding : FAS Intangibles- Goodwill and Other (350) Comments By: Dr. Joseph S. Maresca CPA, CISA Colleages, Thank you for the opportunity to critique this submission.
The "Equity Premise" is the only one allowed for calculating thecarrying amount. The formula for doing this is theTotal Assets - Total Liabilities Assigned Step 1 can be modified for goodwill impairment tests for reporting units with zero or negative carrying amounts. Forthose units, perform Step 2 for goodwill impairment orthe determination thereof if there are adverse qualitativefactors which indicate that it is more likely than notthat the goodwill impairment exists quantitatively. pp. 1 The purpose of this issuance is to eliminate diversityin practice with respect to the enterprise premise.
In the enterprise premise, the net of assets andliabilities exclude liabilities which are part of thecapital structure. pp. 2 The major questions presented for review are these.
(1) Should the equity premise be the only acceptible one?
The enterprise premise presents a potential solution by
allowing the deduction of debt at par value, instead of fair
value when measuring the reporting unit's fair value.
(2) Do you concur with the qualitative factors? Yes
(5) There is impairment when the carrying amount > implied Fair Value
and the fair value may be residual. I concur with the formulation
as listed and supplemented below.

Step 1
Is (a) < (b)?
(a) fair value of a reporting unit
(b) carrying amount of a reporting unit
If yes, go onto the next step

Step 2
Is (c) < (d)?
(c) implied fair value of goodwill of the reporting unit
(d) carrying amount of goodwill of the reporting unit
If yes, impairment loss is recognized

350-20-35-4 compares the fair value of the reporting unit withits carrying amount including goodwill.
Comment Letter No. 1 If the carrying amount > 0 and the Fair Value > Carrying Amountthen goodwill is not impaired. 35-20-35-6Thus, step 2 may not be necessary. 350-20-35-8A guidance is followed if the carrying amount ofthe reporting unit is zero or negative. pp. 6 Goodwill is an intangible asset which provides a competitive advantage,
such as a strong brand name. The FASB will no longer require goodwill
to be written off unless the assets became impaired
(which means it becomes clear that the goodwill isn't worth what the
company paid ) .

Sample qualitative factors are as follows:o significant adverse or changing legal environmento an adverse action by a regulatoro loss of key personnel The FASB will no longer require goodwill
to be written off unless the assets become impaired
(which means it becomes clear that the goodwill isn't worth what the company paid ) .

In the trade or business, goodwill is an intangible asset which is a
distinguishing factor in providing a competitive advantage.
This competitive advantage distinguishes a Parker Pen from
a non-brand or generic store brand. People identify the Parker Pen
with high quality and have done so for decades. Therefore,
this constitutes a strong QUALITATIVE FACTOR as in
Question (2) presented for review. I concur that such
qualitative factors can be decisive in impacting a
company's goodwill or impairment thereof.
A strong brand name enhances sales because people recall
the name when they need a particular product. The value
inherent in the strong brand name or recognition thereof is
goodwill. The FASB will no longer require goodwill to be
written off unless there is a significant impairment.
Examples of a significant impairment are an adverse or
changing legal environment.

Due to the increasing incidence of lung cancer, smoking has beeneither banned or eliminated in many , if not most publicplaces. This changing municipal legal requirement is inresponse to very high costs of treating patients forlung conditions in the public health care systems.
This was not the case in America's earlier history.
Earlier, smoking was associated with sex symbolsand the early American West.
An adverse action by the FDA can toss years ofvery tedious research work under a Brand Namedrug. The drug Avandia has been restricted although not banneddue to an association with a number of adverse reactions.
Comment Letter No. 1 Currently, there are over 13,000 lawsuits in the legal pipeline. It is marketed by the pharmaceutical company GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) as Avandia and in combination with metformin (Avandamet) or with glimepiride (Avandaryl). Annual sales peaked at approx $2.+bn in 2005- 2006. There was a decline after reports of adverse reactions. The drug's patent expires shortly. The expiry of the patent means thatexclusive licensure of the drug will not be permitted unless aspecial extension is granted by the government.
The uniqueness of drug patents constitutes a difficult intangible
for valuation purposes. To meet the uniqueness test legally,
certain conditions must be present in the demonstrated testing
of the drug in the preferred mode of operation. i.e. EXAMPLES
o The drug or cocktails succeed where others failed like in early AIDS drugs.
o The formulation successfully solves a problem never before recognized.
o The formulation solves a problem previously thought to be unsolvable.
o The formulation omits chemical compositions without losing effectiveness.
o The formulation provides some clear biological improvement where others haven't.
o The formulation runs contrary to the teachings of previous drug patents.
o All related drugs combined could not accomplish the same thing as this drug.
o The formulation resolves a longstanding or unsolved need.
o The formulation is in a crowded field where even a small advance means much.
o The formulation can be assimilated naturally without producing internal crystals or residuals.
Some reports have found that rosiglitazone is associated with a increased risk of heart attacks, but other reports have not found a statistically significant increase. Concern about adverse effects has reduced the use of rosiglitazone despite its sustained impact on glycemic control.
The drug is currently the subject of pending litigation against the company.
Over 13,000 have been brought due to the drug.
As of July 2010, GSK has agreed to settlements on more that 11,500 of
these suits. Thus, the qualitative factors cited above seem to be
applicable to the current legal environment. QUESTION 2
350-20-35-4 compares the fair value of the reporting unit withits carrying amount including goodwill.
If the carrying amount > 0 and the Fair Value > Carrying Amount
then goodwill is not impaired. 35-20-35-6
Thus, step 2 may not be necessary. I concur.
A significant adverse change in the regulatory environmentcan impact intangible assets significantly. Oil platformfires can impact an oil firm's intangible assets significantlydue to the action of regulators, the loss of key personneland significant disruptions due to temporary closure ofthe applicable facilities subject to repair and inspection.
Unilateral expropriations by foreign governments areadditional considerations apart from impairment of theintangible assets.
The unwinding of derivatives impacted AIG and itsgood brand name in the insurance business. Therefore,unexpected adverse events can impact intangible Comment Letter No. 1 assets despite profitability in other corporate segments.
Loss of key personnel can happen in all sorts ofunanticipated events both manmade, as well asActs of G-d . i.e.
o oil platform fireso mining shaft accidents The loss of key personnel can be pivotal to a company's
intangible assets with regard to the disruption of
ongoing continuing operations and assumptions of
the going concern concept. For this reason,
Advice Giving Systems in artificial intelligence are
so vital to retaining expertise which is in short supply.


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Automated dielectrophoretic characterization of <named-content content-type="genus-species" type="simple">mycobacterium smegmatis</named-content>

Automated Dielectrophoretic Characterization of Mycobacterium smegmatisBenjamin G. Hawkins,† Chao Huang,† Srinitya Arasanipalai,‡ and Brian J. Kirby*,‡†Department of Biomedical Engineering, and ‡Sibley School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering,Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States We report the positive dielectrophoretic (pDEP) characterization of wild-type and ethambutol-treated Mycobacterium smegmatispopulations via automated pDEP cell trapping experiments. The automated technique was validated by measurements ofcarboxylate-modified polystyrene microspheres and Escherichia coli. The characterization of M. smegmatis identifies a key frequencyregime where the membrane-specific action of ethambutol leads to a change in the cellular dielectrophoretic response. This workrepresents the first such characterization of Mycobacteria and highlights the potential for DEP measurements to measure changes inmycobacterial membrane properties associated with chemical treatments or genetic mutation.